Meeting in which Truman demanded free elections throughout eastern europe, but Stalin refused because he was afraid that free elections would lead to anti-soviet govts.
Post-war meeting of the big three in which they decided to divide Germany into occupation zones. Also, Germany would pay heavy reparations to Russia, and Russia agreed to attack Japan after Germany.
Socialist Labor Party under him moved toward establishment of a "Welfare State"; formed government of England after Churchill; nationalized industries.
President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology
treaty signed in 1945 that formed an alliance of the Eastern European countries behind the Iron Curtain; USSR, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Romania
Stalin's successor as head of the Communist Party; was more open in his dealings with the West and less menacing and paranoid.
soviet author of "Dr. Zhivago"
soviet author of "One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich"
October, 1957 - The first artificial satellite sent into space, launched by the Soviets.
head of the hungarian communist party who was executed in 1958
Soviet Union and its allies had the right to intervene in any socialist country whenever they saw the need. restalinization.
leader of Czechoslovakia during the Prague Spring, he expanded freedom of discussion and other intellectual rights at a time when they were being repressed in the Soviets.
organized solidarity among polish shipyard workers in Gdansk.
Polish trade union created in 1980 to protest working conditions and political repression. It began the nationalist opposition to communist rule. started in Gdansk.
polish shipyard where people began to demand to form unions.
soviet leader following Brezhnev. Leader of the Soviet Union from 1985 to 1991. Wanting reform, he renounced the Brezhnev Doctrine, pulled troops out of Afghanastan, supported Glasnost, and urged perestroika; but all this failed.
The economic restructuring of Russia under Gorbachev based on decentralization and self management.
Gorbachev's policy which allowed free speech.
slowed government spending and shifted to "privatizing" state-owned industries.
Believed that Germans could travel if they would promise to return home. people didnt listen, and left.
sucessfully staged the Velvet Revolution, non-violently ousted the communists in 10 days.
romanian leader refused to give up communism was put on trial with his wife. they were condemned to death and executed.
new leader of the Russian federation, the first Russian leader to be elected by popular vote.
elected president of Russia in 2000, launched reforms aimed at boosting growth and budget revenues and keeping Russia on a strong economic track.
Treaty of Rome
..., Pact, created in 1957, that set up the European Economic Community (also known as the Common Market).
Charles du Gaulle
The treaty, signed in 1992, creating the European Union, the world's largest trading bloc, and moving to adopt a common currency (the Euro).
Yugoslav statesman who led the resistance to German occupation during World War II and established a communist state after the war (1892-1980), he freed his country from soviet domination.
leader of Socialist party in Serbia. he took control and wanted to make a greater Serbia.
agreement that divided Vietnam into North and South.
the progressive relaxation of cold war tensions between East and West.
The events and scandal surrounding a break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters in 1972 and the subsequent cover-up of White House involvement, leading to the eventual resignation of President Nixon under the threat of impeachment.
Brown vs. Board of Education
Stated in 1954 that it was unconstitutional to maintain separate black and white schools
The anti-soviet alliance of western countries.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
What does NATO stand for?
The plan that the US came up with to revive war-torn economies of Europe. This plan offered $13 billion in aid to western and Southern Europe.
Greece and Turkey
What were the first two countries to receive aid from the Marshall Plan?
This was a leader of the Indian independence movement in mid-20th century known for his nonviolent protests.
Cuban socialist leader who overthrew a dictator in 1959 and established a Marxist socialist state in Cuba (born in 1927)
Stalin, Roosevelt, and Churchill
Who were the 'big three'?
Simone de Beauvoir
Feminist, argued women were in essence free but had almost always been trapped by inflexible and limiting conditions
he wanted to invade China but President Truman said no and fired him.
The first chancellor of West Germany; he was able to establish a stable democratic government.
West German minister of finances, pursued new currency, free markets, low taxes, no controls.
Primary architect of the EU and the French planning system. Advocated the Common Market.
Chancellor of West Germany in the late 1960s; he sought to improve relations with the states of Eastern Europe.
Gamal Abdel Nasser
Egyptian statesman who nationalized the Suez Canal (1918-1870)
Ho Chi Minh
1950s and 60s; communist leader of North Vietnam; used geurilla warfare to fight anti-comunist, American-funded attacks under the Truman Doctrine; brilliant strategy drew out war and made it unwinnable
Chinese communist leader (1893-1976)
General and leader of Nationalist China after 1925. Although he succeeded Sun Yat-sen as head of the Guomindang, he became a military dictator whose major goal was to crush the communist movement led by Mao Zedong. (p. 788)
called for group action and political solutions for women's crisis of identity--which was really "sexism.
1966, Betty Friedan first president, wanted Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) enforce its legal mandate to end sex discrimination
an organization of countries formed in 1961 to agree on a common policy for the production and sale of petroleum
the measure of unemployment and inflation every month
Meeting of the big three in which they decided on the allied attack plan: going through France to get to Germany, while the Red Army came in from the east.
When a country can no longer support it's colonies, a more powerful country may come and take over or help that colony.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
prohibited racist discrimination against african americans in public services and on the job.
Voting Rights Act of 1964
guaranteed all African Americans the right to vote
what year did Stalin die?
Twentieth Party Congress
the event where Khrushchev launched an all out attack on Stalin and his crimes in his secret speech.
took control of the soviet union after Khrushchev. Ended Khrushchev's destalinization policy, and began to restalinize. His doctrine stated that that the Soviets had the right to intervene in any socialist country
Dayton Peace Accords
brought 'peace' to Bosnia and temporarily ended fighting.
Organization of petroleum exporting countries
What does OPEC stand for?