A chief Muslim civil and religious leader; the successor of Muhammad.
Five Pillars of Islam
The five behaviours that form the foundation of Muslim life.
• belief that Allah is the one god
• daily prayers
• giving alms
• pilgrimage to Mecca
An extreme belief in the strict and literal interpretation of religious books or religious law.
The Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca (Makkah) in Saudi Arabia.
The person who leads prayer in a mosque
The religion founded by the prophet Muhammad in the 7th century C.E. There are two main branches: Shia and Sunni.
The holy book of Islam. Believed to be the word of God (Allah) as dictated to Muhammad and written in Arabic.
The Muslim place of worship
An ancient stone cubic structure in Mecca that is the holiest shrine in Islam and a unifying focus for Muslim worship.
A tall tower, usually part of a mosque, from which the call to prayer is made. The person who makes the call to prayer is called a muezzin.
The prophet who founded Islam in the 7th century C.E.
The belief that there is only one God.
A person who follows the religion of Islam
A journey to a place that is greatly respected or has religious significance. A person who makes this journey is a pilgrim.
The belief that there are many Gods.
The ninth month of the Islamic year, during which there is fasting from sunrise to sunset.
Islamic religious laws
One of the two main branches of Islam. Shia Muslims believe that Ali, Muhammad's cousin and son-in-law, was the rightful successor to Muhammad.
One of the two main branches of Islam. Sunni Muslims accept the first four Caliphs as the rightful successors of Muhammad.
A fundamentalist Muslim movement that set up an Islamic state in Afghanistan in 1996.
The use of violence to achieve political goals.