digestive enzymes

Created by le1582 

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what is the enzyme in the mouth?

salivary amylase

what kind of digestion is salivary amylase?

carbohydrate digestion

what secretes salivary amylase?

serous acini in the salivary glands

function of salivary amylase in mouth

hydrolyzes starch into maltose and other small carbohydrate fragments

what are the enzymes in the stomach? (4)

1. salivary amylase
2. lingual lipase
3. gastric lipase
4. pepsin

what deactivates salivary amylase in the stomach?

HCl in the stomach

what kind of digestion is lingual lipase?

lipid digestion

what secretes lingual lipase?

serous acini in the tongue

what activates lingual lipase?

HCl in the stomach

function of lingual lipase

hydrolyzes triglycerides into fatty acids and diglycerides

what secretes gastric lipase?

chief cells in the stomach

what kind of digestion is gastric lipase?

lipid digestion

function of gastric lipase

hydrolyzes triglycerides into fatty acids and monoglycerides

what kind of digestion is pepsin?

protein digestion

what activates pepsin?

activated from pepsinogen by HCl in the stomach

what secreted pepsinogen?

chief cells in stomach

function of pepsin

hydrolyzes protein into peptides

what are the enzymes in the small intestine? (15)

1. pancreatic amylase
2. alpha-dextrinase
3. maltose
4. sucrase
5. lactase
6. bile salts
7. pancreatic lipase
8. enterokinase
9. trypsin
10. chymotrypsin
11. elastase
12. carboxypeptidase
13. peptidase
14. ribonuclease
15. deoxyribonuclease

name the brush border enzymes in the small intestine (6)

1. alpha dextrinase
2. maltase
3. sucrase
4. lactase
5. enterokinase
6. peptidase

name the enzymes secreted from the pancreas (8)

1. pancreatic amylase
2. pancreatic lipase
3. trypsin
4. chymotrypsin
5. elastase
6. carboxypeptidase
7. ribonuclease
8. deoxyribonuclease

what kind of digestion of pancreatic amylase?

carbohydrate digestion

what secretes pancreatic amylase?

serous acini in the pancreas

function pancreatic amylase

hydrolyzes starch into maltose and small carbohydrate fragments (alpha dextrins)

what kind of digestion if alpha dextrinase?

carbohydrate digestion

function of alpha dextrinase

hydrolyzes small carbohydrate fragments (alpha dextrins) into glucose

what kind of digestion is maltase?

carbohydrate digestion

function of maltase

hydrolyzes maltose into glucose

what kind of digestion is sucrase?

carbohydrate digestion

function of sucrase

hydrolyzes lactose into glucose and fructose

what kind of digestion is lactase?

carbohydrate digestion

function of lactase

hydrolyzes lactose into glucose and galactose

what kind of digestion is bile salts?

lipid digestion

what secretes bile salts?

hepatocytes in the liver

function of bile salts

emulsifies triglyceride globules (large) into droplets (small)

what kind of digestion is pancreatic lipase?

lipid digestion

what secretes pancreatic lipase?

serous acini in the pancreas

function of pancreatic lipase

hydrolyzes triglycerides into fatty acids and monoglycerides

what kind of digestion is enterokinase?

protein digestion

function of enterokinase

hydrolyzes trypsinogen into trypsin

what kind digestion is trypsin?

protein digestion

what activates trypsin?

activated from trypsinogen by enterokinase

what secretes trypsinogen?

serous acini in the pancreas

function of trypsin

hydrolyzes protein into peptides

what kind of digestion is chymotrypsin?

protein digestion

what activates chymotrypsin?

activated from trypsinogen by enterokinase

what secretes chymotrypsinogen?

serous acini in the pancreas

function of chymotrypsin

hydrolyzes protein into peptides

what kind of digestion is elastase?

protein digestion

what activates elastase?

activated from proelastase by trypsin

what secretes proelastase?

serous acini in the pancreas

function of elastase

hydrolyzes proteins into peptides

what kind of digestion is carboxypeptidase?

protein digestion

what activates carboxypeptidase?

activated from procarboxypeptidase by trypsin

what secretes procarboxypeptidase?

serous acini in the pancreas

function of carboxypeptidase

hydrolyzes proteins into peptides

what kind of digestion is peptidase?

protein digestion

function of peptidase

hydrolyzes peptides into amino acids

what kind of digestion is ribonuclease?

nucleic acid digestion

what secretes ribonuclease?

serous acini in the pancreas

function of ribonuclease

hydrolyzes RNA into nucleotides

what kind of digestion is deoxyribonuclease?

nucleic acid digestion

what secretes deoxyribonuclease?

serous acini in the pancreas

function of deoxyribonuclease

hydrolyzes DNA into nucleotides

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