Engel v. Vitale
banned formal prayer in schools, government would not make any religion the 'official' religion.
Lamb's Chapel v. Center Moriches
a decision by the Supreme Court of the United States concerning whether Free Speech Clause of the First Amendment was offended by a school district that refused to allow a church access to school premises to show films dealing with family and child-rearing issues faced by parents.
Lee v. Weisman
1st amendment establishment clause denies inclusion of prayer at start of public school and graduation ceremony
Santa Fe Independent School District v. Doe
Establishment Clause. prayer at school related events violated Establishment Clause
County of Allegheny v. ACLU
A nativity scene inside court house building and menorah outside building are challenged under the establishment clause. The court found the nativity scene, and the accompanying banner praising jesus, to be a violation of the establishment clause, but the menorah, because of its physical location, was not.
Lynch v. Donnelly
Nativity scenes are permitted; passive or subtle references to religion are permitted as long as there is no explicit government preference for a single religion
Van Order v Perry
Establishment - Ten Commandments - Ruled Acceptable Display
Lemon v. Kurtzman
The 1971 supreme court decision that established that aid to church-related schools must (1) have a secular legislative purpose; (2) have a primary effect that neither advances nor inhibits religion; and (3) not foster excessive government entanglement with religion.
Hazelwood School Dist. v. Kuhlmeier, (1988)
..., Supreme Court decision which held that public school curricular student newspapers that have not been established as forums for student expression are subject to a lower level of First Amendment protection. The U.S Supreme Court held for the first time that public schools can limit what appears in school-sponsored student publications. Teen Pregnancy article.
Bethel School District No. 403 v. Fraser (1986)
A case about free speech at public schools. It placed a limit on the scope of expression and prohibited certain styles of expression that are sexually vulgar.
Morse v. Frederick
Because schools may take steps to safeguard those entrusted to their care from speech that can reasonably be regarded as encouraging illegal drug use, the school officials in this case did not violate the First Amendment by confiscating the pro-drug banner and suspending Frederick.
Tinker v. Des Moines
The case that ruled that students do not lose Constitutional rights when they entered the building but they can be limited if they cause a disruption, students wore black armbands in protest of the Vietnam War; student's rights are not "shed at the schoolhouse gates," symbolic speech allowed
Near v. Minnesota
The 1931 Supreme Court decision holding that the first amendment protects newspapers from prior restraint.
Buckley v. Valeo
A case in which the Supreme Court of the United States upheld federal limits on campaign contributions and ruled that spending money to influence elections is a form of constitutionally protected free speech. The court also stated candidates can give unlimited amounts of money to their own campaigns.
Cohen v. California
The First Amendment, as applied through the Fourteenth, prohibits states from making the public display of a single four-letter expletive a criminal offense, without a more specific and compelling reason than a general tendency to disturb the peace. Court of Appeal of California reversed.
Schenck v. United States (1919)
Decision upholding the conviction of a socialist who had urged young men to resist the draft during World War I. Justice Holmes declared that government can limit speech if the speech provokes a "clear and present danger" of substantive evils.
Gitlow v. New York (1925)
Began the process of selective incorporation by using the 14th amendment to require states to recognize 1st amendment guarantees of freedom of speech. Ironically, Gitlow's speech was so dangerous that New York was allowed to imprison him anyway.
Texas v Johnson (1989)
Flag-burning is symbolic speech with a political purpose and is protected by 1st Amendment.
Weeks v. United States
Case dealing with the rights of the accused. Reversed conviction and came forth with the Exclusionary Rule which says that evidence obtained by the federal government through an unreasonable search and seizure cannot be used in a federal court
Mapp v. Ohio
Established the exclusionary rule was applicable to the states (evidence seized illegally cannot be used in court)
United States v. Leon
a search and seizure case in which the Supreme Court of the United States created the "good faith" exception to the exclusionary rule.
Arizona v. Evans
Accused was pulled over because of an error in the computer system, which said that he had an outstanding warrant. When the police searched his vehicle, they found pot. SC upheld that this was valid and not part of the exclusionary rule.
Hudson v. Michigan 2006
When police armed with a search warrant are supposed to knock-and-announce their presence before they can lawfully enter homes to search for an seize evidence, a violation of the knock-and-announce rule will not give rise to the application of the exclusionary rule.