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Ms Smith Islam Test

Mohammed

prophet
said Angel Gabriel spoke to him
founder of Islam

Red Sea

surrounds Arabia

Empty Quarter

desert in the south

Persian Gulf

surrounds Arabia

oasis

small or large area in the desert that is less arid; towns build around them
caravan guides go from oasis to oasis

Bedouin

nomads
lived in tribes
moved from oasis to oasis herding camels, goats, sheep
no written laws
offered protection
fought for scarce resources

Mecca

Muslim holy city
Muslims travel to worship at Kaaba

Kaaba

holy well
statues of gods (probably a meteorite)

Judaism

monotheistic
"protected ones"

Christianity

monotheistic
God, Jesus
"protected ones"

570AD

Mohammed is born

caravan trade

travel from oasis to oasis with guide
Coastal regions

Kadija

Mohammed's wife
widow
once his employer

Angel Gabriel

"recite in the name of thy lord"
spoke to Mohammed

Islam

monotheistic
submission to God
pray directly to god, no clergy needed

Muslim

followers of Islam
those who submit to God's will

Koran

Muslim holy book
the word of god as revealed by Mohammed

Koran translations

God's will may get lost in translation--don't do it

monotheism

one god
Christianity, Judaism, Islam

prophet

messenger of god

Five Pillars of Islam

moral code

Sahada

1. there is no god but allah and Mohammed are his prophets

Salat

pray 5x per day toward Mecca

Saum

observe Ramadan

Ramadan

Muslim holy month
must fast for one month

Zakat

be generous to poor

Hajj

observe Ramadan

Paradise

garden of pleasure for good

Hegira

Mohammed and followers move to Medina
1st year of Muslim calendar

622AD

the move to Medina

shariah

Koranic law

jihad

holy war

630AD

Mecca surrenders

632AD

Mohammed dies

caliph

head of Muslim state

Umayyad

most Muslims supported them
661-750
empire larger than Rome

Abbasid

500 years until 1258
moved capital to Baghdad

Sunni

supporters of Umayyad

Shiite

support direct descendent of Mohammed
developed different beliefs

Constantinople

wasn't part of Umayyad's empire

732AD--Tours

stopped Umayyad from getting into Europe

Damascus

capital until 1258

Baghdad

capital of Abbasid
court of Islam reaches greatest glory

Cordova

brought horses into Europe

Reconquista

taking back of Spain in 1492

SE Asia

Islam spreads all the way to there

Seljuk Turks

invaded Abbasid
1071 - they invade Byzantium

sultan

Seljuk ruler

Crusades

ousts Muslims from European lands
Spain and Italy retaken

religious/tolerance

other religious tolerated in conquered lands
could practice own religion if Jew/Christian

slaves

must have been treated well

women

not equal to men
could inherit/own property
overtime more restricted--must wear veil--unveiled only in harem

harem

castrated men protected it
women could unveil
room in house unseen from the street

divorce

men could marry again afterwards

"thou art dismissed"

if said 3x=divorce

arranged marriage

...

male dominion over women

...

polygamy

men marry many women

eunuch

castrated males who protect the harem

Harun al-Rashid

5th caliph

Timbuktu

university

Avincenna

980AD
scholar who studied Aristotle
Canon of Medicine

Averroes

1126--Judge in Cordova

zero

the amount of Math and Science received from India

Arabic numerals

we use them today

Omar Khayyam

wrote the Rubaiyat

Rubaiyat

collection of poems

horseshoe arch

more spacious than Roman arch
decorative

Canon of Medicine

written by Avincenna

Al Razi

head of hospital
wrote reference books for doctors

Arabian Nights/1001 Nights

written in Persian using Arabic script
included Ali Baba and the 40 Thieves, Sinbad the Sailor, Aladdin

mosque

Muslim place of worship

minaret

tower the muezzin stands on

Blue Mosque

most famous mosque in Istanbul

Toledo steel

makes Damascus Blades

Damascus blades

made of Toledo steel

miniature paintings

one hair instead of a brush

hanif

monotheists on the peninsula

muezzin

call faithful to prayer
stands on minaret

sura

verse in the Koran

Abu Bakr

Mohammed's friend
1st caliph after he dies

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