Pharmacology Exam Two E

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Beta Blockers:

____ ____ diminish the effects of epinephrine (adrenaline) and other stress hormones.

Epinephrine:

_____ is also know as adrenaline.

Catecholamines:

Beta blockers block the action of endogenous _______ (epinephrine and norepinephrine), on β-adrenergic receptors.

Norepinephrine:

______ is also known as noradrenaline.

β1 adrenergic:

_____ _____ receptors are located mainly in the heart and in the kidneys.

β2 adrenergic:

____ ____ receptors are located mainly in the lungs, gastrointestinal tract, liver, uterus, vascular smooth muscle, and skeletal muscle.

β3-adrenergic:

____ _____ receptors are located in fat cells.

Calcium channel blockers (CCBs):

____ ____ ____ are a class of drugs and natural substances that disrupt the movement of calcium through calcium channels.

CCB's:

The most widespread clinical usage of _______ is to decrease blood pressure in patients with hypertension.

CCB's:

_______ frequently are used to control heart rate, prevent cerebral vasospasm, and reduce chest pain due to angina pectoris.

ACE inhibitors:

_____ stands for angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors.

ACE inhibitors:

_____ ______ are a group of drugs used primarily for the treatment of hypertension (high blood pressure) and congestive heart failure.

HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors:

___ ___ ___ ___ or Statins are a class of drug used to lower cholesterol levels by inhibiting the enzyme HMG-CoA reductase, which plays a central role in the production of cholesterol in the liver.

Alpha 1 receptors:

____ ____ _____ are located on blood vessels.

Beta 1 receptors:

____ ____ ____ are located on the heart.

Beta 2 receptors:

____ ____ ____ are located on the lungs, peripheral bld vessels & uterus.

Stiumlation:

____ of the Alpha 1 receptor causes vasoconstriction.

Blood pressure:

Stimulation of the Alpha 1 receptor causes vasoconstriction resulting in a increase in ____ ____.

Phenylephrine:

_____ is aka Neo-synephrine and is a nasal decongestant.

Naphazoline:

_____ is aka clear eyes and is an ophthalmic decongestant.

Tetrahydrozoline:

______ is aka visine and is an ophthalmic decongestant.

Norepinephrine:

_____ is aka lovophed.

norephinephrine:

____ is a resuce drug

Blocking:

____ of an Alpha 1 receptor causes vasodilation.

Vasodilation:

When an Alpha 1 receptor is blocked, _____ occurs.

Ergotamine tartrate:

____ _____ treats vascular headaches and uterine bleeding.

Phentolamine:

____ is aka Regitine.

Phentolamine:

_____ treats decreased blood pressure due to extravasation.

Extravasation:

____ is the discharge or escape, as of blood, from a vessel into the tissues; blood or other substance so discharged.

Prazosin:

____ is aka as Miniparess.

Tamsulosin:

____ is aka as Flomax.

Prazosin:

_____ is an alpha blocker used to treat high blood pressure.

Tamsulosin:

____ is used to treat BPH.

Stimulated:

When B1 receptors are ____ the rate, contractility, and conduction of the heart are increased.

Dopamine:

____ is a pressor substance that elevates arterial blood pressure.

Dopamine:

____ is a catecholamine neurotransmitter.

Dobutamine:

____ stimulates the β1 receptors and treats heart failure and cardiogenic shock.

Blocking:

____ of the Beta 1 receptor causes vasodilation.

Decreases:

Vasodilation of the Beta 1 receptor ____ the rate, contractility and conduction of the heart.

Metoprolol:

____ is aka Lopressor.

Metoprolol:

_____ is a cardioselective Beta 1 blocker.

Acebutolol:

____ is aka Sectral.

Acebutolol:

_____ is a cardioselective B1 blocker.

Stimulated:

When B2 receptors are ____, vasodilation occurs.

B2 stimulation:

___ ___ is aka bronchi & babies.

Beta 2:

____ ____ stimulation acts as a bronchodilator.

Beta 2:

____ ____ stimulation causes uterine relaxation.

Albuterol:

____ is a B2 stimulator used for asthma rescue.

Epinphrine:

____ is a B2 stimulator used as a asthma 911 med.

Levalbuterol:

____ is aka Xopenex.

Levalbuterol:

____ is an inhalation bronchodilator / B2 stimulator.

Salmeterol:

____ is an asthma maintenance med.

Terbutiline:

____ is a B2 stimulator that relaxes the uterus.

Blocking:

____ of a B2 receptor causes broncoconstriction.

Propranolol:

____ is aka Inderal.

Propranolol:

____ is a nonspecific beta blocker which also treats migraines.

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