Unit 3 - Enlightenment 1

22 terms by mdemetral

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enlightenment

movement during the 1700's that spread the idea that knowledge, reason, and science could improve society

philosophes

thinkers or philosophers of the Enlightenment

salons

informal social gatherings at which writers, artists, philosophes, and other exchanged enlightenment ideas

encyclopedia

the first publication of different essays about the culture and society of France which was ebentually banned because it dealt with controversial issues

Hobbes

Government is necessary to protect the people. You must give up rights to be protected. Wrote the Leviathan

Leviathan

Book written by Thomas Hobbes insisting on the need for absolute rule

Locke

Believed in life, liberty, and property - people make a deal with the government in return for protection

Montesquieu

the Enlighenment writer who believed in seperation of powers

Voltaire

French writer who was the embodiment of 18th century Enlightenment (1694-1778)

Rousseau

believed people in their natural state were basically good but that they were corrupted by the evils of society

Copernicus

Developed the first modern theory of a sun-centered universe

Galileo

Publicized Copernicus's findings; used the telescope to study moon and planets; condemned by the Catholic church for his work.

Kepler

This astronomer stated that the orbits of planets around the sun were elliptical

baroque

elaborate an extensive ornamentation in decorative art and architecture that flourished in Europe in the 17th century

neoclassical

Light and elegant art and architecture inspired by Ancient Greece and Rome. This style reflected Enlightenment ideas

geocentric theory

Arrangment of the solar system that places the Earth at the center with the sun and planets orbiting the Earth

heliocentric theory

the idea that the earth and the other planets revolve around the sun

Diderot

Published work of many philosphes in his Encyclopedia. He hoped it would help people think more rationally and critically

Inquisition

A Roman Catholic tribunal for investigating and prosecuting charges of heresy

revolution

a drastic and far-reaching change in ways of thinking and behaving

enlightened despot

System of government in which an absolute ruler rules according to the principles of Enlightenment

social contract

the notion that society is based on an agreement between government and the governed in which people agree to give up some rights in exchange for the protection of others

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