reckless accusations used during a political campaign
Presidential campaign of 1828
6th president John Quincy Adams ran against Andrew Jackson, and Jackson won
7th president, hero of Battle of New Orleans, the choice of the common people, born poor, lawyer, lost the election of 1824
The Inauguration of Andrew Jackson
Thousands attended this event. This was the first election that allowed the "common man" the right to vote. In 1828, more than 3 times as many voted as in 1824.
born to an upper-class (wealthy, respected) family
John Quincy Adams
6th president, lost the election of 1828, supported by the rich and well-born
achieving wealth or influence through one's own effort rather than being born to a privileged family
A policy of spreading more political power to more people. It was a "Common Man" theme.
Jackson's trusted friends and political supporters who advised him and met in the White House kitchen
employees of the government
the practice of rewarding political supporters with government jobs
a tax imposed by the government on goods imported from another country
to withdraw from an organization or alliance; in this case, to withdraw from the United States
President of the Second Bank of the United States; he struggled to keep the bank functioning when President Jackson tried to destroy it.
accused of making a "corrupt bargain" with John Quincy Adams when he urged his supporters to vote for Adams; this allowed Adams to become president in 1824 who then chose Clay to become secretary of state
Southerners declared federal protective tariffs null and void, Jackson responded with a law that lowered tariffs (but not low enough); South Carolina threatened to secede; John C Calhoun was a big advocate
The Indian Removal Act
Act passed by Congress in 1830 that allowed Jackson to make treaties in which Native Americans in the East traded their lands for new territory in the Great Plains
The Trail of Tears
The forced movement of Cherokee Indians in 1838 to the land west of Mississippi River forced by the U.S. Army. It was hundreds of miles long, many Natives died
a chief of the Seminoles of Florida who led them in resisting removal for ten year. Some found refuge in Florida.
a chief of the Sac and Fox of Illinois who led them to fight removal for two years; it ended with the slaughter of most of his warriors
a Cherokee Indian who developed an 86-letter alphabet for the Cherokee language
Five Civilized Tribes
Cherokees, Choctaws, Creeks, Chickasaws, and Seminoles; "civilized" due to learning to read and write and adopting "white" ways, forced out of their homelands by expansion