Pharmacology Exam Two F

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Acetylcholine, carbachol, Pilocarpine:

____, ____, & ____ are direct acting cholinergices that treat glaucoma.

Acetylocholine:

____ is a topical application due to poor oral absorption.

Carbachol:

____ stimulates pupils and reduces intraocular pressure.

Pilocarpine:

____ is a cholinergic agonists that treats glaucoma.

Bethanechol:

____ is aka Urecholine.

Bethanechol:

____ is a direct-acting cholinergic that treats Atony & neurogenic bladder.

Pyridostigmine:

____ is used to decrease muscle weakness resulting from myasthenia gravis.

Pyridostigmine:

____ is an indirect-acting cholinergic.

Physostigmine.

____ is the antidote for anticholindergic poisoning.

Physostigmine:

_____ is an inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase, the enzyme responsible for the breakdown of acetylcholine.

30 minutes:

Encourage patients w/myasthenia gravis to take meds ___ ____ before eating to help improve chewing & swallowing.

Donepezil:

____ is aka Aricept.

Donepezil:

____ is an indirect-acting cholinergic used to treat Alzheimer's.

Cholinergic Poisoning:

____ ____ is reversed by Atropine.

Atropine:

______is the antidote for cholinergic poisoning.

Digoxin:

____ is a cardiac glycoside, used in the treatment of HF, dysrhythmia, atrial fibrillation & flutter.

Digoxin:

____ is aka Lanoxin.

Milrinone:

_____ is a phosphodiesterase inhibitor used for the short-term management of HF.

Quinidine:

____ is a sodium channel blocker used for atrial & ventricular dysrhythmias.

Procainamide:

____ is a sodium channel blocker used in the treatment of atrial & ventricular dysrhythmias.

Class 1:

____ ____ antidysrhythmics are sodium channel blockers.

Class 2:

____ ____ antidysrhythmics are Beta blockers.

Class 3:

____ ___ antidysrhythmics are potassium channel blockers.

Class 4:

____ _____ antidysrhythmics are calcium channel blockers.

Lidocaine:

____ is a C1 antidysrhythmic used to treat ventricular dysrhythmias only.

Flecainide:

____ is a C1 antidysrhythmic used to treat atrial fibrillation and flutter.

Nadolol:

____ is aka Corgard.

Nodolol:

____ is a C2 antidysrhythmic beta blocker.

Atenolol:

____ is aka Tenormin.

Atenolol:

_____ is a C2 antidysrhythmic beta blocker.

Metoprolol:

_____ is aka Lopressor.

Metroprolol:

____ is a C2 antidysrhythmic beta blocker.

Propranolol:

_____ is aka Inderal.

Propranolol:

_____ is C2 antidysrhythmic beta blocker.

Amiodarone:

_____ is a C3 antidysrhythmic potassium channel blocker, used for treatment of life threatening dysrhythmias.

Sotalol:

_____ is a C3 antidysrhythmic potassium channel blocker, used for treatment of life threatening dysrhythmias.

Verapamil:

____ is a C4 antidysrhythmic CCB.

Verapamil:

____ is aka Calan or Isoptin.

Adenosine:

_____ is aka Adenocard.

Adenosine:

____ is an unclassified antidysrhythmic used as a rescue drug to convert supraventricular tachycardia to sinus rhythm.

Atropine:

_____ is an unclassified antidysrhythmic used to increase heart rate.

Nitrates:

____ fall under the category of anitanginal medications.

Nitroglycerin:

____ is an antianginal, used to treat acute attacks.

Isosorbide dinitrate:

____ ____ is aka Isordil.

Isosorbide dinitrate:

____ ____ is an antianginal nitrate, used in long-term therapy.

Isosorbide mononitrate:

____ ____ is aka Imdur.

Isosorbide mononitrate:

____ ____ is an antianginal nitrate used in long-term therapy.

Clonidine:

____ is an antihypertensive, A2 stimulator, used to treat hypertension.

Captopril:

____ is aka Capoten.

Captopril:

____ is an antihypertensive ACE inhibitor.

Enalapril:

____ is aka Vasotec.

Enalapril:

____ is an antihypertensive ACE inhibitor.

Ace inhibitors:

___ ___ are known as "the prills".

Angiotnesin II Blockers:

___ ___ ___ (ARB's) are known as "the sartans".

Angiotnesin II Blockers:

___ ___ ___ are used to treat hypertension.

Losartan:

____ is aka Cozzar or Hyzaar.

Valsartan:

____ is aka Diovan.

Valsartan:

____ is an antihypertensive ABR used to treat hypertension.

ACE Inhibitors:

____ ____ cause a dry, nonproductive cough.

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