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Vasodilators:

____ are antihypertensives.

Hydralazine HCL:

____ ____ is aka Apresoline.

Hydralazine HCL:

____ ____ is a vasodilator used to treat hypertension.

Sodium Nitroprusside:

____ ____ is a vasodilator used to treat hypertension.

Sodium Nitroprusside:

____ ____ is aka Nipride or Nitropress.

Diazoxide:

____ is aka Hyperstat.

Diazoxide:

_____ is a vasodilator used to treat hypertension.

Acetazolamide:

____ is aka Diamox.

Acetazolamide:

____ is a diuretic known as a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor.

Furosimide:

____ is aka Lasix.

Furosimide:

_____ is a loop diuretic.

Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors:

___ ___ ___ block the exchange of H+ ions w/sodium, resulting in decreased water resorption and increased urine volume.

Loop diuretics:

____ ____ usually have a potassium supplement prescribed.

Mannitol:

____ is aka Osmitrol.

Mannitol:

____ is an osmotic diuretic, which should always be administered IV through a filter.

Potassium Sparing Diuretics:

Hyperkalemia is a side effect of ____ ____ ____.

Spironolactone:

____ is aka Aldactone.

Spironolactone:

_____ is a potassium sparing diuretic.

Spironolactone:

A side effect of using _____ is hyperkalemia.

Thiazide diuretics:

____ ____ have a side effect of hypokalemia photosensitivity.

Hydrochlorothiazide:

_____ is aka HydroDIURIL.

Hydrochlorothiazide:

_______ is a thiazide diuretic.

Antilipemics:

HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors are ______.

Atorvastatin:

____ is aka Lipitor.

Atorvastatin:

____ is an antilipemic, which lowers LDL cholesterol.

Rosuvastatin:

____ is aka Crestor.

Simvastatin:

____ is aka Zocor.

Antilipemics:

Bile Acid Sequestrants are _____.

Cholestyramine:

____ is aka Questran.

Cholestyramine:

____ is an antilipemic that lowers LDL.

Simvastatin:

____ is an antilipemic that lowers LDL.

Rosuvastatin:

____ is an antilipemic that lowers LDL.

Niacin:

____ is aka nicotinic acid or B3.

Niacin:

___ is an antilipemic which lowers LDL & triglycerides, while increasing HDL.

Gemfibrozil:

____ is aka Lopid.

Gemfibrozil:

____ is a fibric acid derivative.

Ezetimibe:

____ is aka Zetia

Ezetimibe:

____ is a cholesterol absorption inhibitor.

Acetylcholine:

____ is the neurotransmitter of the parasympathetic nervous system.

Cholinergic Agents:

___ ___ are drugs that stimulate the parasympathetic nervous system.

Acetylcholine:

____ is needed for normal brain function.

Cholinergic-blocking agents:

____ - ____ _____ are drugs that inhibit the actions of acetylcholine in the PSNS.

Dysrhythmias:

____ can interrupt delivery of blood to the brain, other tissues and the heart, leading to stroke, MI, angina, syncope...

Atropine:

____ is the only antidysrhythmic drug used to increase heart rate.

Angina:

___ is caused by the heart not receiving sufficient oxygen or nutrients (in the blood).

Coronary Artery:

An MI is caused by the complete obstruction of a ___ ___ resulting in ischemia to that portion of the heart.

CCB's:

Prevent muscle contraction

Beta Blockers:

____ ____ should never be abruptly discontinued due to risk of rebound hypertensive crisis.

Reduced heart rate:

The use of cardia glycosides results in ___ ____ ____ and improved cardiac efficiency.

Cardiac glycosides:

____ ____ are indicated with heart failure and supraventricular dysrhythmias.

Apical pulse:

When administering a positive inotropic agent, always check the ____ ____ prior to administration.

Triglycerides:

The two primary forms of lipids in the blood are ____ and cholesterol.

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