What is Imperialism
When one country uses it's power to control & take advantage of another country
Why would countries use imperialism?
economic motives, rivalries, being able to have the prestige or bragging rights, Social Darwinism and racism, missionaries, and "The White Man's Burden"
How did the colonials powers take and keep control?
trade agreements, battles, trickery, and direct/indirect rule
Which rule has local rulers that kept their positions and power, but did what the colonial powers wanted
which rule is where local rules were replaced by leaders from the colonial power
How did being a colonial power help your economy
Removal of raw materials & returning processed goods, plantations
Why did the people want to resist?
take away power and land, higher taxes, wanted a democracy
Which country was the only one to lose to an African nation?
What was the conference called where European powers divided up Africa and decided who gets what territory
The Berlin Conference
What happened with the Boers
Well, the Boers fought the Zulus with the help of the Britain, then the Brits fought the Boers for the right of self government. The Boers ended up getting self-governing which was unique
How did Nationalism grow in Africa
Many people admired the Western culture and the educated people could see the inequality of how the natives were being treated and that western culture was impacting their own culture
Who did the British East India Trading Co. hire to rebel against Britain
After they rebel against Britain, who gets power
It was turned over to the British government so that their army could check the Sepoy mutiny and Queen Victoria was named Empress of India & Queen of Britain; so it was a dual monarchy
What were the benefits of being under British rule?
Order & civility, a school system, and infrastructure (railroads, telegraph, and postal service)
What were the costs of being under British rule?
they destroyed local industries, collected taxes through local officials, had peasant unrest with their traditional leaders, the switch from food to cotton which caused starvation, disregarded, and people payed no attention to traditions
Describe the Indian Nationalist Movement
It started with the upper class, many of whom had an English education full of ideas of reform that gave way to revolution. They form the Indian national committee that turns to the Congress.
Who was Gandhi
led a major independence movement based on non violence
What was the social class levels in south America
Is made up of Spanish & Portuguese official who held important positions
Who are the descendants of Europeans who had lived there for generations who controlled land and business
Who made up native South Americans who were servants & laborers and make up the largest group
Who come to power in Mexico, some are good and some are bad
Example of Caudillos in Mexico
Santa Anna used state for his own good and Juarez was the next ruler who brought liberal reforms
What did the Monroe Doctrine do?
it protected the independence of Latin American nations and warned against any outside interference
Who replaces Spain and Portugal as the economic colonizer because LA was such a good source of raw materials for industrial nations
Panama granted the US what
The land to build a canal which led to greater US economic investment and involvement
Who did some Latin American countries not like?
What happened in the LA countries
industrialize by processing items they had previously sent abroad, rise of the middle class, looked to the US for an example and brought liberal reform rather than revolution