New Testament Chapter 2

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Galilee, Samaria, Judea

What are the three main regions of Palestine?

Galilee

Which region of Palestine was the northernmost region and was the fertile farming and fishing land where Jesus grew up and was also made up of mainly Jews mixed with some northern Gentiles?

Sepphoris

Which city in southern Galilee was the capital city under Herod Antipas?

Nazareth

Which city in southern Galilee was the small town in which Jesus grew up?

Sea of Galilee

This was a significant resource for the regions of Galilee and was the site of the miracles and the calling of the disciples.

Samaria

Which region of Palestine was caught in the middle and had some foreigners who intermarried with Jews and they also had some Jewish practices but they were despised by real Jews for their differences?

Mount Gerizim

What was the site of Samaritan worship in that was destroyed by the Jews in 128 BC?

Samaria

What was the capital city of Samaria?

Judea

Which region of Palestine was the high and dry southern region which was populated by Jews back from Babylonian captivity and was also home to the Jewish leaders and the temple?

Jerusalem

Which city was the capital of Judea along with having a population of over 60,000 and having the temple?

Jericho

Which city in Judea was the 2nd largest city in Palestine and was the site of the Israelite invasion?

Bethlehem

Which city in Judea was the birthplace of Jesus?

Aramaic

What language, spoken by Jesus, was most likely a "back-country" Galilean dialect which was looked down upon?

Hebrew and Greek

What other two languages besides Aramaic did Jesus probably speak?

Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews

What is INRI the Latin abbreviation for?

be open

What does ephpatha mean?

little girl, get up

What does Talitha koum mean?

daddy

What does Abba mean?

house of prayer, place of discussion for legal issues, local school

What were the three functions of the synagogue?

three

How many times a year was it recommended that Jews go to Temple?

Church system

Which part of Catholicism is based on the synagogues?

Romans

Who ruled Palestine during the time of Jesus?

peace of Rome

What does pax romana mean?

Herod the Great

What man ruled Palestine as a puppet king and Matthew said he tried to kill male babies?

Herod Antipas

Which man killed John the Baptist while ruling Palestine?

David

Under the rule of which king did the Jews first think that God would send them a Messiah to usher in a new kingdom?

apocalypse

What was the Messiah associated with in the century leading up to Jesus?

respected it and did not want to destroy it

How did Jesus regard the Law (Torah)?

2nd century BC

Around what time did the Jews begin believing in resurrection?

Daniel

What was the firs biblical reference to resurrection?

Pharisees, Sadducees, Essenes, Zealots

What are the four main Jewish sects?

Romans, Gentiles, Samaritans

What are the three non-Jewish sects that were pertinent in the time of Jesus?

priests and aristocrats

What type of people mainly made up the Sadducees?

Destruction of the temple

What caused the Sadducees to lose their power?

Sanhedrin

What was the law-making body and Supreme Court of Judaism made up by Sadducees and a few Pharisees?

separated one

What does the term Pharisee mean?

Jerusalem

Where did the Sadducees center their activities?

Torah

What was the only thing the Sadducess accepted as the inspired scripture?

resurrection, immortality of the soul, angels

Which parts of the afterlife did the Sadducees not believe in?

human freewill and responsibility

What did the Sadducees trust over divine providence?

separating themselves from ordinary religious practices

How did the Pharisees come into being?

6000

Despite their relatively small number of followers, the Pharisses had great influence. About how many followers did they have?

Pharisees

Jesus' beliefs and spiritual practices most closely paralleled which religious sect?

Essenes

Which religious sect was an apocalyptic group who believed that God would usher in his kingdom through a dramatic or even catastrophic event?

strict and pure

What type of lives did the Essenes live, hoping that it would help them be on Yahweh's side when the Apocalypse came?

John the Baptist

Who did the Essenes possibly influence?

Destruction of the Temple

What caused the Essenes to disappear?

Zealots

Which of the religious sects was an organized revolutionary faction who came into existence during the 1st Jewish War?

militaristic

What type of Messiah did the Zealots expect?

Jerusalem

Where were the Zealots banned from after their 2nd revolt?

John Hyrcanus

Who led the destruction of Mount Gerizim by the Jews?

Gentiles

Which non-Jewish sect of Palestine was classified as all "non-Jews" and eventually as all "non-Christians?"

non-Roman

What does the name Gentiles mean?

Proselytes

What is the name for Gentiles who converted to Judaism or Christianity?

abominable

Jews called Gentiles shkutz. What does that mean?

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