Respiratory Test Questions

21 terms by Anatomyhsa 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Each muscle begins at an...?

Origin

Each muscle ends at an... ?

Insertion

Each muscle contracts to produce.... ?

Action

Muscle cells contain contractible units that are called... ?

Sarcomere

Which type of muscle helps to pump blood into the arteries?

Smooth muscle

What is hypertrophy?

The growth in size of muscle cells.

What is atrophy?

When the muscle cells shrink.

What is adduction?

a type of angular movement in which you are bringing a body part towards your mid line.

What is abduction?

is a type of angular movement in which you are bringing a body part away from your mid line.

What is vertebral foreman?

the holes formed by the arch and body of a single vertebrae through which the spinal cord runs through.

What is intervertebral foramen?

the gaps in between stacked vertebrae through which roots, arteries, and signals can go through to the spinal cord.

In the lungs, oxygen is absorbed into the blood. In which part of the lungs does this mainly happen?

Alveoli

What name is given to the maximum volume of air that can be breathed in or out of the lungs in one breath?

Vital Capacity

Many of the airways in the lungs have goblet cells in their walls. What do these do?

Secrete Mucus

What muscular movements cause air to be drawn into the lungs?

Diaphragm and External Intercostal muscles contract

Which blood vessels carry deoxygenated blood towards the lungs?

Pulmonary Arteries

What is the function of surfactant in the lungs?

To prevent the Alveoli collapsing

Some of the airways are reinforced by cartilage, and this helps to keep the airways open. Which airways are reinforced in this way?

Trachea and Bronchi

What is the correct description of the epithelium of the alveoli?

Squamous

Smokers may develop a condition known as emphysema. What is this?

Breakdown of the alveolar walls

Cystic fibrosis is an inherited lung disorder, where the sufferer is unable to transport ions across cell membranes. Which ions cannot be transported?

Chloride

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set