words beginning with the same consonant sound. Ex. Peter Piper picked a pack of pickled peppers.
noun that names a person, place, or thing that a pronoun refers back to. Ex. Mary gave her mother the tickets. (Mary is the antecedent that the pronoun "her" refers to.)
author's reason for writing the selection.-to describe, teach, amuse, persuade, create......
clues in surrounding text that help the reader determine the meaning of an unknown word.
a highly imaginative writing that contains elements not found in real life. They often contain magic.
Phrase whose meaning cannot be determined from the ordinary meaning of the words. Ex. Drop me a line.
expressed indirectly; understand what author is trying to express through his use of words and characters' action.
an alphabetical listing of topics and the page numbers where they can be found in a text. It is usually found in the back of the book.
type of figurative language in which two unlike things are compared. Ex. The girl was a graceful bird skating in flight. (comparing a girl to a bird)
atmosphere; overall emotions shown within a story such as happy, gloomy, peaceful, and mysterious.
a fiction al tale that explains the actions of gods or heroes or the origins of elements of nature.
compare/contrast (similarities and differences), chronological order (the order in which things happen), cause/effect, transition
giving human traits to animals or nonliving things. Ex. The tree lowered its branches and cried.
not needed; extra; saying the same words again. Ex. Susie cooked a great dinner. Everyone loved the great dinner.
a pattern of end rhymes in a poem. Ex: aabba First, second and fifth rhyme, and third and fourth rhyme.
author's attitude towards the subject which is conveyed through the writer's choice of words. Ex. humorous tone or serious tone
make connection between sentences and paragraphs, giving the paragraph coherence and making it easier to follow. Common transition words are first, next, then, following, also etc.