TAUBIN CRCT-Literature and Writing

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Audience

for whom you are writing.

Alliteration

words beginning with the same consonant sound. Ex. Peter Piper picked a pack of pickled peppers.

Allusion

reference to someone or something famous in order to make a point

Analogy

comparison of the similarities of two things that are unlike.

Antecedent

noun that names a person, place, or thing that a pronoun refers back to. Ex. Mary gave her mother the tickets. (Mary is the antecedent that the pronoun "her" refers to.)

Author's purpose

author's reason for writing the selection.-to describe, teach, amuse, persuade, create......

Citation

reference to the author of the material you are using

Clincher

A strong ending sentence to a paper.

Context clues

clues in surrounding text that help the reader determine the meaning of an unknown word.

Fable

brief story, usually with animal characters, that teaches a moral

Fantasy

a highly imaginative writing that contains elements not found in real life. They often contain magic.

Hook

Introduction to get the reader's attention.

Hyperbole

an exaggeration. Ex. I walked a million miles just for one of your wonderful dinners.

Idiom

Phrase whose meaning cannot be determined from the ordinary meaning of the words. Ex. Drop me a line.

Implied

expressed indirectly; understand what author is trying to express through his use of words and characters' action.

Index

an alphabetical listing of topics and the page numbers where they can be found in a text. It is usually found in the back of the book.

Inference

a logical guess based on facts and common sense.

Main Idea

General idea for a paragraph or paper-example: Reasons for the fall of the Roman Empire

Metaphor

type of figurative language in which two unlike things are compared. Ex. The girl was a graceful bird skating in flight. (comparing a girl to a bird)

Mood

atmosphere; overall emotions shown within a story such as happy, gloomy, peaceful, and mysterious.

Myth

a fiction al tale that explains the actions of gods or heroes or the origins of elements of nature.

Organizational pattern

compare/contrast (similarities and differences), chronological order (the order in which things happen), cause/effect, transition

Onomatopoeia

words that sound like what they describe. Ex. Swoosh

Personification

giving human traits to animals or nonliving things. Ex. The tree lowered its branches and cried.

Perspective

the way something is viewed.

Redundant

not needed; extra; saying the same words again. Ex. Susie cooked a great dinner. Everyone loved the great dinner.

Rhyme Scheme

a pattern of end rhymes in a poem. Ex: aabba First, second and fifth rhyme, and third and fourth rhyme.

Sequence

the coming of one thing after another; order which events happen.

Simile

a comparison of two unlike things using "like" and "as." Ex. He is as sly as a fox.

Supporting sentence

sentences in a paragraph that elaborate your topic sentence.

Theme

deep meaning or insight of a piece of literature-overall message-example: good vs. evil

Tone

author's attitude towards the subject which is conveyed through the writer's choice of words. Ex. humorous tone or serious tone

Topic sentence

states the main idea of the text; what the paper will be about.

Transition

make connection between sentences and paragraphs, giving the paragraph coherence and making it easier to follow. Common transition words are first, next, then, following, also etc.

Unifying

sameness

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