the idea that certain restrictions should be placed on government to protect the natural rights of citizens
Power is held by the people and exercised through the efforts of representatives elected by the people
the royal charter of political rights given to rebellious English barons by King John in 1215
the government must act fairly and in accord with established rules in all that it does
Petition of Rights
A legal petition sent to King Charles I from Parliament complaining about the breeches in the law Foreshadowed later colonial petition for rights.
English Bill of Rights
document that gave England a government based on a system of laws and a freely elected parliament
a document incorporating an institution and specifying its rights
composed of two legislative bodies
Organized by a proprietor(a person to whome the king had made a grant of land)
a union of political organizations
Albany Plan of Union
proposal by Benjamin Franklin to create one government for the 13 colonies
a person appointed or elected to represent others
where the people decide for themselves wether or not to have something, the right of the people to govern themselves
Artilces of Confederation
Plan of the government adopted by the contiental congress after the american revolution.
making something valid by formally ratifying or confirming it
Group of delegates who drafted the United States Constitution at the Philadelphia Convention in 1787
Supported by larger states and wanted seats based on population of states
New Jersey Plan
New Jersey delegate William Paterson's plan of government, in which states got an equal number of representatives in Congress
a legislature branch with two parts: a house of reps and a senate.
agreement at the constitutional Convention that 3/5 of the slaves in any state be counted in its population
Commerce and slave Trade Compromise
Resolved differences btwn northern and southern states; Congress could not tax exports nor ban the slave trade for 20 yrs.
an advocate of federalism
To whome did the Three-Fifths compromise refer?
a. enslaved people
b. native americans
d. the poor
which of the following was NOT a major source of ideas for the constitution?
a. the political writings of john locke
b. britsh tradition
c. colonial experiences
d. spanish colonial law
what was the significance of the federalist?
a. it was a convincing commentary on them meaning of the constitution.
b. it aroused the anger of opponents of the consititution.
c. it was a hastily written document in opposition to the constitution.
d. none of the above.
The shape of america governmennt is based on the english political idea of
a. ordered government
b. representative government
c. limited government
d. all of the above.
Maryland, Pennsylvanis, and Delaware were