Mesopotamia between the Tigris and Euphrates River
Where did the first civilizations develop?
Egypt along the banks of the Nile River
Where did the Ancient Egypt civilizations develop?
In an open area called Canaan
Where did the Ancient Israelites civilizations develop?
Hammurabi - 1792-1750 B.C. - Code of Hammurabi
Sargon - 2340-2279 B.C. - world's first empire
Nebuchadnezzar - 605-562 B.C. - Hanging Gardens
Name two important people in the first civilizations and what they did?
King Khufu - c 2540 B.C. - The Great Pyramid
Queen Hatshepsut II - c 1470 B.C. - Made Egypt wealthy
Ramses II - 1279-1213 B.C. - Regains territory and built great temple
Kashta - 750 B.C. - conquered Egypt
Name two important people in the Ancient Egypt civilizations and what they did?
Abraham - 1500 B.C. - Father of Israelites and lead them to Canaan
Moses - 1250 B.C. - lead the Israelites out of Egypt
David - 1000-910 B.C. - Made Jerusalem new capital and created an empire
The Maccabees - 168 B.C. - rebelled against Antiochus and drove Greeks out of Judah
Name two important people in the Ancient Israelite civilizations and what they did?
Worshipped many different gods. The gods appointed the rulers
What were the first civilizations' beliefs?
Worshipped gods and goddesses. Believed in life after death
what were the Ancient Egypt civilizations' beliefs?
Worshipped one God. Used the Bible as a record of their history
what were the Ancient Israelites civilizations' beliefs?
Early Mesopotamians were ruled by priests. Later kings ruled the people. They believed kings had divine approval
what was the first civilizations' government like?
King was a ruler-priest and a god. Pharaoh owned all land in Egypt
What was the Ancient Egypt's government like?
Early Israelites were led by prophets. Later they were led by judges, then kings
What were the Ancient Israelite's government like?
Early: cuneiform: wedged-shaped characters
Later: a semitic language
What was the first civilization's language and writing like?
Hieroglyphics: images that stood for ideas
What was the Ancient Egypt's language and writing like?
Adapted Phoenician characters to form letters and words
What was the Ancient Israelite's language and writing like?
Developed writing. Created system of mathematics. Studied systems of time and created calendars. Introduced iron weapons
What contributions did the first civilizations make to society (at that time)?
Built machines to move water to crops. Developed a calendar. Built large temples and pyramids
What contributions did the Ancient Egypt civilizations make to society (at that time)?
Developed ideas of legal system. Passed on ideas of justice, fairness, and compassion in society and government.
Believed in 1 God
What contributions did the Ancient Israelite civilizations make to society (at that time)?
Similar measurements are still used in building today. Our system of time is based on sec, min, and hours
How do the first civilization's contributions affect me (today)?
Pyramids and other structures still amaze people today. 365-day calendar
How do the Ancient Egypt civilization's contributions affect me (today)?
Many religions are based on ideas similar to those of the early Israelites
How do the Ancient Israelite civilization's contributions affect me (today)?