a group of islands in eastern Indonesia; was the center of the spice trade in the 1500s and 1600s
ruled Portugal, and sent ships to explore the west coast of Africa with a modivation of the need to know
a person who makes maps
Vasco da Gama
Portuguese explorer. In 1497-1498 he led the first naval expedition from Europe to sail to India, opening an important commercial sea route. (p. 428)
Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China (1451-1506)
Line of Demarcation
This was the line drawn by Alexander VI that gave Portugal most of Brazil and Spain the rest of South America
Treaty of Tordesillas
Set the Line of Demarcation which was a boundary established in 1493 to define Spanish and Portuguese possessions in the Americas.
Portuguese navigator who led the Spanish expedition of 1519-1522 that was the first to sail around the world.
sail completely around the world
an important Swahili city-state and trading center between 1100 and 1500; the main part of Kenya on the Indian Ocean.
an east African town in SE Kenya (was attacked by the Portuguese in the 1400s)
A large farm in tropical and subtropical climates that specializes in the production of one or two crops for sale, usually to a more developed country.
Ruler of the Kongo in west-central Africa who wanted to create a modern Christian state by converting Africans to Christians. He also wanted to stop the slave trade, but was unsuccessful
a person who teaches his or her religion to others who have different beliefs
a kingdom that emerged in the 1700s in present-day Ghana and was active in the slave trade
Asante leader; uses European firearms to centrailize and expand empire
exclusive control of a commodity or service in a particular market, or a control that makes possible the manipulation of prices
arose from successive waves of settlement be the Yoruba people of present day nigeria grew because of slave trade profits
seaport city and legislative capital of South Africa; first Dutch colony in Africa
Dutch farmers in South Africa
Afonso de Albuquerque
portuguese naval commander who used brute force to gain control in asia.
Muslim state (1526-1857) exercising dominion over most of India in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
Island off the coast of India that was the base of Portuguese trade
Port city in the modern Southeast Asian country of Malaysia, founded about 1400 as a trading center on the Strait of Malacca. Also spelled Melaka. (p. 387)
a military post stationed at a distance from the main body of troops
Dutch East India Company
Government-chartered joint-stock company that controlled the spice trade in the East Indies.
a nation's ruler or head of state usually by hereditary right
Spanish colony in the Pacific whom the US helped free from the Spanish, but soon after took as their own colony
Indian troops who served in the British army
One of two ports in which Europeans were permitted to trade in China during the Ming dynasty
a small trading outlet. The Qing dynasty had restricted European merchants to this place. The merchants could deal with only a few Chinese firms, which the British did not like this arrangement
Italian Jesuit who wanted to convert China to Christianity during the Ming dynasty
a member of a people native to Manchuria who ruled China during the Qing dynasty
the last imperial dynasty of China (from 1644 to 1912) which was overthrown by revolutionaries
1736-1796, stopped Mongol invasions and had dual government positions for Chinese and Manchu's
Ambassador to China who insulted the Chinese with his goods and refused to honor their emperor.
Japanese city in which the second atomic bomb was dropped (August 9, 1945).