The principle, spirit, or system of establishing colonies while driven by commerce. Settler colonialism vs. Exploitation colonialism.
Points out vice and folly in others in order to improve the human condition.
Explorer for Queen Elizabeth -- claimed California for her; investors made 5000% back
Sir Walter Raleigh
Granted exploration patent from Queen Elizabeth. Attempted and failed to settle colonies in 1584 & 1587. "For gold, for praise, for glory."
i.e. Bloodless revolution -- sending James II into exile.
Jamestown is settled
"A Modest Proposal" -- Anti-colonialist, anti-imperialist, royalist, educated at Oxford, Irish, left money after death to found the first mental hospital in Rep. of Ireland.
War of Spanish Succession
1701-1714; Charles II of Spain dies and leaves Spanish empire to Phillipe of Anjou (France)/Philip V of Spain -- leads to Treaty of Utrecht
Treaty of Utrecht
1713; Phillipe renounces right to Spanish empire
Britain gains colonies of Newfoundland, Acadia, and Gibraltar
"Oroonoko" -- female writer, wrote about strong female characters. She had no formal education, she was very curious about human nature. Anti-puritan.
Origins of the novel
Robinson Crusoen -- Puritans would have seen actors & storytellers as liars. Novels were first presented as true stories.
*Solacious gossip was was popular for published & sold pamphlets, then became longer with the introduction of Crusoe & others.
*Rise of print journalism = Novel?
Pope divided the free world in two
Treaty/Act of Union -- Joined the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland; After England bailed Scotland out of financial trouble garnered by "Damien" Scheme (Scotland attempting to colonize Panama). Scotland did not rule independently till 1907.
The slave trade is abolished.
King Charles is restored to the throne (for 25 years)
James II (Charles brother and only heir to the throne) rules for 3 years till 1688 brings the revolution -- James II is given the options of being beheaded or going into exile.
"Glorious" (i.e. bloodless) revolution.
England beats the Spanish Armada and wants "in" on the slave trade.
Trope of talking book
pivotal scene in slaves narrative in which they discover literacy (people would read outloud and it looked like they were talking to the book).
1783 - 1815
Three key events
1. Loss of original 13 colonies (pivotal point between time periods)
2. France goes through revolution
3. Abolition of slavery
"7 Years War" (global scale)
The French Revolution -- Inspired by Thomas Jefferson, very bloody -- public executions.
A new upper-middle class in Britain born from British people who made a fortune off of India
Revolution and "the Spirit of the Age"
"The Spirit of the Age"
Time of change, people (youn men) wanted literature to reflect that.
Reason and intellect are overwhelmed by emotion and passion.
Slave Trade Act -- illegal to carry slaves "for sale" in Europe (but slavery was not illegal itself).
1808 (Sierra Leone)
First colony for "freed" slaves
Indian soldier working for a European force