Hormones and Glands

31 terms by econly

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ACTH

Anterior pituitary - stimulates adrenal cortex

TSH

Anterior pituitary - stimulates thyroid gland

GH

Anterior pituitary - stimulates normal body growth

FSH

Anterior pituitary - stimulates ovarian follicles in females, sperm in males

LH

Anterior pituitary - ovulation and secretion of progesterone in females

ICSH

Anterior pituitary - stimulates testes to secrete testosterone

LTH

Anterior pituitary - stimulates secretion of milk from the mammary glands

MSH

Anterior pituitary - stimulates production and dispersion of melanin pigment in the skin

ADH

Posterior pituitary - antidiuretic, promotes reabsorption of water in kidneys

Oxytocin

Posterior pituitary - contraction of uterus during childbirth, stimulates milk flow from breasts

Thyroxine (T3) and Triiodothyronine (T4)

Thyroid - increase metabolic rate, stimulate physical and mental growth, regulate metabolism of protein, carbs, and fats.

thyrocalcitonin or calcitonin

accelerates absorption of calcium by bones and lowers blood calcium level

Parathormone

parathyroid - regulates calcium and phosphate

aldosterone

adrenal cortex - regulates reabsorption of sodium in kidney and elimination of potassium

cortisone

adrenal cortex - aids in metabolism of P, CHO, and F, increases the amount of glucose in blood, resistance to stress, depresses immune response

Estrogens

adrenal cortex - stimulate female sex characteristics

Androgens

adrenal cortex - stimulate male sex characteristics

Epinephrine (adrenalin)

adrenal medulla - activates sympathetic nervous system, acts in stress

norepinephrine

adrenal medulla - activates body in stress situations

insulin

pancreas - glucose metabolism

glucagon

pancreas - maintains blood level of glucose

estrogen -ovaries

promotes growth and development of sex organs in females

progesterone

maintains lining of uterus

testosterone

testes - stimulates growth and development of sex organs in male

thymosin

thymus - stimulates production of antibodies in early life

melatonin

pineal - inhibits sex hormones, regulates sleep/wake cycle

adrenoglomerulotropin

pineal - stimulates adrenal cortex to secrete aldosterone

serotonin

pineal - prevents vasoconstriction of blood vessels in the brain

estrogen - placenta

stimulates growth of reproductive organs

chorionic gonadatropin

placenta - causes corpus luteum of ovary to continue secretions

progesterone - placenta

maintains lining of uterus to provide fetal nutrition

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