Who is the "father of the Constitution"
What were the essays urging the New York ratification debates known as?
The Federalist Papers
Name 2 authors of "The Federalist Papers"
James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, John Jay
How many sates were required to ratify the Constitution before it could go into effect?
Which were the last two states to ratify (after new government had already begun to function)?
Virginia, New York (NC, RI)
How often is the number of congressional districts per state determined?
Every 10 years (Art I)
According to Article 1, Section 2, of the Constitution, how were slaves to be counted when determining the number of congressional districts per state?
Who has the sole power of impeachment??
House of Representatives (Art I)
Who has the sole power to try officials who have been impeached?
Senate (Art I)
When the president of the U.S. is tried for impeachment, who presides at the trial?
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court (Art I)
According to the Constitution, a writ of habeas corpus may not be suspended except under what conditions?
rebellion or invasion (Art I)
The first article of the Constitution places limits on the states. Name one.
no treaties, no coining of money
Name two congressional limits on the President according to the Constitution
impeachment; amount of money to run government; 2/3 vote overrules veto, etc
Which article of the Constitution defines the powers of the President?
Article II, Section 2
For what office mentioned in the Constitution must a person be a natural born citizen?
President (Art II)
Name 3 powers of the President as stated in the Constitution
Military, treaties and appointments, filling vacancies (Art II)
Which branch(es) of the federal government is responsible for establishing lower federal courts?
Congress (Legislature) Art III
What is the Vice-President's only constitutional responsibility?
President of Senate (Art I)
What is the only condition specified by the Constitution concerning the nature of state governments?
republican form of government (Art IV)
What is the only crime defined by the Constitution?
treason (Art II)
What does the Constitution require to convict a person of treason?
2 witnesses to same act or a confession in public court (Art II)
How does Art VI of Con. resolve possible conflicts between state laws and federal laws?
Federal Laws are the supreme law of the land (Art VI)
What does Art VI say about administering religious tests to candidates for public office?
there shall be no test (Art VI)
When is it possible for a constitutional convention such as the Convention of 1789 to occur?
2/3 of both houses, 2/3 of the state legislatures (Art V)
Can the president introduce, ratify, or veto a constitutional amendment?
No; no; no (Art V)
What are the 1st 10 amendments to the Con. called?
Bill of Rights
There are 5 basic rights mentioned in the 1st Amend. Name 3
Religion, speech, press, assembly, redress of grievances
Name 5 of the rights guaranteed to all citizens in the B of Rights
to keep/bear arms; no quartering of troops; freedom from search/seizure; double jeopardy; trial by jury, speedy trial; no cruel or unusual punishment
What does the 10th amendment say about the delegation of powers to the states?
powers not delegated to the US nor prohibited to the sates, are reserved to the states
Which amendment established the federal income tax?
The 19th Amendment, which gave the women right to vote, was passed in what year?
People who fought for the passage of the 19th amendment were called what?
According to the 20th amendment, if the president-elect dies, before the beginning of his term, who becomes president?
the vice president-elec
Name the only amendment that specifically repeals another amendemnt?
21 repeals 18
What was the purpose of the most recent amendment to the constitution?
Compensation of Legislature (amendment 27)
The argument that "anyone old enough to fight for his country, is old enough to vote" secure passage of what amendment?
What is the term served by a member of House of Reps?
2 yrs (Art I)
What is the term served by a member of the Senate?
6 yrs (Art I)
What is the minimum age for a Rep?
25 (Art I)
What is the minimum age for a Senator?
30 (Art I)
What is the minimum age for a President?
35 (Art II)
Name the amendments that banned slavery, declared all persons born or naturalized in the U.S. to be citizens, established due process and equal protection under the law, and established suffrage for black Americans
13; 14; 5; 15
What is the exception to the 13th amendments abolition of involuntary servitude?
punishment for crime after conviction
The 25th amendment says a president unable to discharge the powers of his/her office must declare this in writing to two people. who are they?
President pro-term of the Senate; Speaker if the House of Reps
Which branch of government is given constitutional responsibility for regulation of trade?
Congress (Legislature) Art I