5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- What are causes of hypothyroidism?
- Pancreatic alpha cells are what?
- What is it called when lipophylic hormones induce protein synthesis, with the newly formed proteins being mostly enzymes, which now stimulate or inhibit certain metabolic pathways?
- What is stimulated by hypercalcemia and decreases activity and proliferation of osteoclasts?
- Where is the receptor location for hydrophilic hormones?
- a calcitonin
- b metabolic effect
- c cell membrane
- d defects of the thyroid gland (autoimmune, lymphocytic infiltration or idiopathic atrophy)
- e insulin-sensitive
5 Multiple choice questions
- lack of dietary vit D, or lack of UV exposure, which leads to hypocalcemia
- lipolytic and glucose sparing, increases lipolysis, causes insulin resistance (diabetogenic)
- posterior pituitary
- increased amino acid uptake
- amines= tyrosine derived
5 True/False questions
What can cause Ca/P imbalances? → 1. dietary iodine deficiency
2. goitrogenic substances
Vitamin D3 is derived from where? → diet or de novo synthesis in liver, followed by UVB activation in skin
How is T3 deactivated? → by peripheral tissue de-iodinases and excreted via liver after conjugated with glucoronic acid
What happens when hyperglycemia exceeds renal threshold, and glucosuria/ osmotic diuresis? → polyuria
At what level is the plasma calcium concentration maintained? → +/- 5% of normal