A belief and the reasons to support that belief.
Consists of a conclusion and premises
Argument used in opposition to another argument:
e.g. "Classrooms should have bins to prevent littering"
P1 - Bins in Classrooms take up space
P2 - Classrooms need space
Conclusion: Classrooms shouldn't have bins.
Appeals to emotions of audience in order to persuade instead of through logic and reasoning
Have a Causal connection between premises and conclusion.
e.g. Ken's computer is broken because he punched it.
The evidence to support an argument.
e.g. Dogs have fleas.
Fleas are bad.
De-flea your dogs.
The belief the argument is trying to convince someone else on.
e.g. Euthanasia is bad
Have conclusions which follow form the premises with probability.
e.g. Most cheeses use cow's milk
This is a cheese
It probably was made from cow's milk.
Arguments where the conclusion follows the premises with necessity.
e.g. Horses have four legs
Molly is a horse
Molly has four legs
Does the conclusion necessarily follow from the premises.
Must follow formula:
All X's are Y's
Z is an X
Therefore Z is a Y
How well do the premises support the conclusion.
Manner of degree (Strongly supports, sort of supports, hardly supports...etc)
When an argument has true premises and the argument is valid/cogent.
(Inductive arguments must be gauged by degree)
The Principle of Charity
To find the best possible representation of an argument befor shutting it down.