Public plans or courses of action that concern internal issues of national importance, such as poverty, crime, and the environment.
Earned-Income Tax Credit (EITC) Program
A government program that helps low income workers by giving back part or all of their Social Security taxes.
Environmental Impact Statement (EIS)
A report that must show the costs and benefits of major federal actions that could significantly affect the quality of the environment.
Benefits issued by the federal government to low-income individuals to be used for the purchase of food; originally provided as coupons but now typically provided electronically through a card similar to a debit card.
A good or service—such as food stamps, housing, or medical care—provided by the government to low-income groups.
The number of persons held in jail or prison for every 100,000 persons in a particular population group.
A transfer of income from some individuals in the economy to other individuals. This is generally done by government action.
A joint state-federal program that provides medical care to the poor (including indigent elderly persons in nursing homes). The program is funded out of general government revenues.
A federal health-insurance program that covers U.S. residents over the age of sixtyfive. The costs are met by a tax on wages and salaries.
National Health Insurance
A plan to provide universal health insurance under which the government provides basic health insurance to all citizens. In most such plans, the program is funded by taxes on wages or salaries.
A plan under which one entity has a monopoly on issuing a particular type of insurance. Typically, the entity is the government, and the insurance is basic health coverage.
Supplemental Security Income (SSI)
A federal program established to provide assistance to elderly persons and persons with disabilities.
Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF)
A state-administered program in which grants from the national government are used to provide welfare benefits.