Who's Who on Mount Olympus...and other places

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Zeus (Jupiter/Jove)

King of gods and ruler of mankind

Zeus (Jupiter/Jove)

Eagle, oak tree, lightning bolt, Aegis

Hades (Pluto)

god of the underworld

Hades (Pluto)

helmet of invisibility, anything of wealth (silver, gold, gems)

Poseidon (Neptune)

god of the sea, horses, and earthquakes

Poseidon (Neptune)

Horse, trident, earthquake

Hestia (Vesta)

goddess of hearth and home; sister of Zeus

Hestia (Vesta)

hearth, vestal virgins

Hera (Juno)

Queen of gods and wife of Zeus

Hera (Juno)

cow, peacock, Iris

Ares (Mars)

god of war; son of Zeus and Hera; sister of Eris

Ares (Mars)

dog, vulture, weapons

Pallas Athena (Minerva)

goddess of wisdom, war, and weaving

Pallas Athena (Minerva)

pictured with a helmet and spear; owl, loom, Aegis

Phoebus Apollo

god of the sun (but NOT the Sun God!), music, poetry, and medicine; twin brother of Artemis (Diana)

Phoebus Apollo

sun, bow/arrow, Delphi, laurel tree, moon (twin sister is Artemis [Diana]), lyre

Aphrodite (Venus)

goddess of love and beauty; mother of Eros (Cupid)

Aphrodite (Venus)

dove; her son, Eros (Cupid)

Hermes (Mercury)

Messenger-god; god of commerce, travelers, and thieves

Hermes (Mercury)

helmet, Caduceus, winged sandals; Zeus's personal messenger

Artemis (Diana)

goddess of the moon and hunting; patroness of maidens; twin sister of Phoebus Apollo

Artemis (Diana)

moon, bow/arrow, stag

Hephaestus (Vulcan)

god of fire; forger of armor

Hephaestus (Vulcan)

forge

Demeter (Ceres)

goddess of the harvest

Demeter (Ceres)

corn, grain

Eris (Discordia)

goddess of discord

Eris (Discordia)

fights/arguments

Titans

where the Gods came from

Cronos and Rhea

the parents of the six original gods

Aegis

the shield with Medusa's head on it; belongs to Zeus. At times, Pallas Athena has it (figures...she was kinda born out of his head).

myth

a story that is, almost always, an explanation of something in nature

Delphin (oracle)

epitome of advice; people would see her about everything. She would breathe vapors and go into a trance before fortune-telling.

nymph

female goddess of nature

Caduceus

Herme's staff; winged staff with two snakes (now a medical symbol)

the Greeks

the first people to make gods in their own imagge

Epithet

a nickname for something Ex. "Son of Flynn" instead of "Sam;" the "gray-eyed goddess"

Kenning

a METAPHORICAL name for something/someone Ex. it happens in Beowulf with Grendel

Iris

goddess of the rainbow; Hera's personal messenger

Hypnos (Somnus)

god of sleep

Hypnos (Somnus)

has three sons: Horothers, Morpheus, and Phobetor

Thantos

god of death (technically it's PEACEFUL death, but she left that part out)

Hypnos and Thantos

two brothers who live in the lower world

Dionysus (Bacchus)

father of modern theater; god of wine

Eros (Cupid)

the god of love

Eros (Cupid)

son of Aphrodite; often seen as either an attractive boy (sometimes blind-folded) or a cherub. He is nice/mysterious.

Hebe

goddess of youth; daughter of Zeus and Hera

The Graces

Aglaia (Splendor), Euphrosyne (Mirth), and Thalia (Good Cheer). They are often seen together as one. They are lovers of music and dance and sometimes team up with the Muses.

The Muses

9 sisters; "Queens of Songs." History, astronomy, tragedy, comedy, dancing, epic poetry, love-poetry, songs to the gods, and lyric poetry.

gods of the waters

Ocean, Poseidon, Pontus, Nereus, Triton, and Proteus

Ocean

lord of the river, Ocean. A titan.

Pontus

god of the deep sea; father of Nereus

Nereus

the Old Man of the Sea; son of Pontus. Kind and honest.

Triton

The trumpeter of the Sea; son of Poseidon and Aphrodite.

Proteus

god who can shape-shift and see into the future. (hint: think Sinbad)

Charon

the old boatman in the underworld who transports souls of the dead across Acheron to the gate of Tartarus.

Cerberus

the three-headed dog that guards the gates of Hades

Acheron, Cocytus, Styx

three rivers in Hades; Woe, Lamentation, and Hate, respectively. Also the judges of where to send good and bad souls.

The Furies

goddesses of revenge. They are Alecto, Megaeia, and Tisiphone. They are cruel and endlessly punish people.

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