Barron's AP Psych Abnormal Part 1

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17 terms

Psychological Disorder

Maladaptive, Disturbing to Others, Unusual, Irrational

DSM IV - TR

Reference book that describes symptoms of all current psychological disorders

Anxiety Disorders

A class of disorders marked by excessive apprehension and worry that in turn impairs normal functioning. Includes phobias, PTSD, and OCD.

Specific Phobia

an anxiety disorder involving fear and avoidance of heights, animals, and other specific stimuli and situations

Agoraphobia

(n.) - an abnormal fear of open or public places

Social Phobia

A disorder that involves an irrational fear of being publicly humiliated or embarrassed

Generalized Anxiety Disorder

an anxiety disorder in which a person is continually tense, apprehensive, and in a state of autonomic nervous system arousal

Panic Disorder

an anxiety disorder marked by a minutes-long episode of intense dread in which a person experiences terror and accompanying chest pain, choking, or other frightening sensations

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

an anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts (obsessions) and/or actions (compulsions)

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

an anxiety disorder characterized by haunting memories, nightmares, social withdrawal, jumpy anxiety, and/or insomnia that lingers for four weeks or more after a traumatic experience

Somatoform Disorders

disorders characterized by physical symptoms for which no known physical cause exists

Hypochondriasis

preoccupation with thoughts of disease and concern that one is suffering from a serious condition that persists despite medical reassurance to the contrary

Conversion Disorder

a mental disorder characterized by the conversion of mental conflict into somatic forms (into paralysis or anesthesia having no apparent cause)

Dissociative Disorders

disorders in which conscious awareness becomes separated (dissociated) from previous memories, thoughts, and feelings

Psychogenic Amnesia

loss of all or part of memory; does not have a physical cause

Fugue

dissociative disorder in which a person forgets who who they are and leaves home to creates a new life

Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID)

a rare dissociative disorder in which a person exhibits two or more distinct and alternating personalities. Also called multiple personality disorder.

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