political leaders of the colonies
life, liberty, property
an agreement to create a government and follow its laws
citizens who put the common good above their own selfish interests
must be obeyed by everyone including those running the govt.
Separation of Powers
Dividing the govt. into 3 different branches
checks and balances
prevents branches of govt. from abusing power
agreement between nobles and the king that required the king to govern according to the established rules of law
the colonists included this in their govt. to protect themselves from abuse of power
Acts...like the Stamp Act of 1765
were invalid because the colonists were not allowed to vote in Parliament
always includes a limitation of powers
Declaration of Independence
an explanation of the colonist's revolt against Great Britain
Writer of the Declaration of Independence
war in which the colonies won their independence from England
Purpose of govt. in the Declaration
protect people's natural rights
Diplomacy in the Revolutionary War
France supplied loans and military assistance to the Americans
the govt. gets its right to govern from the people
First U.S. Constitution
Articles of Confederation
Single branch of the Articles of Confederation
Document before the Constitution that joined the states together
A.O.C. - Articles of Confederation
Differences between the AOC and the Constitution
Constitution gives Congress the power to act directly on the people
Where did the Constitutional Convention meet?
"We the People..."
the purpose of the Constitution
Original purpose of the Philadelphia Convention
to rewrite the Articles of Confederation
gives states with larger populations a greater number of representatives in Congress
divides Congress into 2 houses with equal representation in the Senate and proportional representation in the House
favored large states
New Jersey Plan
Favored small states
Framers resolved the conflict between the northern and southern states by
allowing the slave trade to continue
Branches of the U.S. govt.
How is Congress divided?
specifically granted to Congress by the Constitution
General Welfare Clause
allows Congress to provide for the common defense and common good of the U.S.
Powers of the President
pass or veto bills/laws made by Congress
system Framers created for electing the President
Term of Supreme Court jutices
life to ensure neutrality of the national judiciary
Total number of amendments
U.S. Senators term of office
House of Representatives term of office
Total number of U.S. Representatives
Total number of U.S. Senators
Who can declare war?
Number of Supreme Court justices
First 10 amendments
Bill of Rights
aiding the enemies of your country
Supreme Court hears a case that has already been heard in a lower court.