Chapter 20- Skin Diseases & Disorders

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The signs of aging are influenced by factors such as the sun, health habits, lifestyle, &:

Heredity.

The percentage of skin aging that is caused by the rays of the sun is approximately:

80 to 85 percent.

The UV rays of the sun reach the skin in two different forms, which are:

UVA & UVB rays.

The UVA rays that are deep-penetrating & can go through a glass window are:

Aging rays.

Wrinkling & sagging of the skin are caused by weakening collagen fibers &:

Elastin fibers.

UVB rays contribute to the body's synthesis of vitamin D & other important:

Minerals.

Daily moisturizers or protective lotions should have a sunscreen with an SPF of at least:

15.

The American Cancer Society checklist used to recognize skin cancer is:

Asymmetry, border, color, diameter.

A salon should not service a client who is suffering from a(n):

Inflamed skin disorder.

A small circumscribed elevation of the skin that contain no fluid but may develop pus is a:

Papule.

An abnormal cell mass resulting from excessive multiplication of cells & varying in size, shape, & color is a:

Tumor.

A crack in the skin that penetrates the dermis is a:

Fissure.

Keratin-filled cysts that appear just under the epidermis & have no visible openings are:

Milia.

Any thin plate of dry or oily epidermal flakes in the scalp area is referred to as:

Dandruff.

Sebum from a comedo exposed to the environment turns black &:

Oxidizes.

Comedones should be removed under aseptic conditions using proper:

Extraction procedures.

A chronic skin condition characterized by inflammation of the sebaceous glands is:

Acne.

An inflammation of the sebaceous glands characterized by dry or oily crusting or itchiness is:

Seborriheic dermatitis.

A dry, scaly skin condition due to a deficiency or absence of sebum caused by old age or exposure to the cold is:

Asteatosis.

A disorder of the sweat gland caused by excessive exposure to the heat is:

Miliaria rubra.

A painful itching skin disease with dry or moist lesions that a physician needs to treat is:

Eczema.

A contagious recurring viral infection charactrerized by blisters on the lips or nostrils is:

Herpes simplex.

The medical term for abnormal skin inflammation is:

Dermatitis.

Prolonged or repeated direct skin contact with chemicals has the potential to cause:

Allergic reactions.

The chemicals released by the immune system to enlarge the vessels around an injury are:

Histamines.

Surprisingly, a very common salon irritant is:

Tap water.

Abnormal brown or wine-colored skin discoloration with a circular & irregular shape is a:

Stain.

The absence of melanin pigment from the body & skin sensitivity to light are signs of:

Albinism.

A spot or blemish spot on the skin that requires medical attention if there is a change is a:

Mole.

The most common type of skin cancer characterized by light or pearly nodule is:

Basal cell carcinoma.

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