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vocabulary terms related to poetry

alliteration

repetition of beginning sound in poetry

ballad

a poem that tells a story and is meant to be sung

form

the structure or organization of a poem; including the arrangement of words and lines

imagery

words and phrases that appeal to the readers' five senses

lyric poetry

poetry that expresses the feelings and thoughts of the speaker

epic

a long narrative poem that tell about the adventures of a hero

limerick

a short, humorous poem composed of 5 lines

free verse

poetry without regular patterns of rhythm and rhyme

metaphor

a comparison of two things that have some quality in common; does not use "like" or "as"

poetry

a type of literature in which ideas are expressed in imaginative and often musical language

repetition

a technique in which a sound, word, phrase, or line is repeated in order to get our attention

rhyme

a repetition of sounds at the ends of words (external and internal rhyme)

rhyme scheme

the pattern of end rhyme in a poem (aabb)

rhythm

the pattern or flow of sound created by syllables in the line

sensory details

words and phrases that help readers see, hear, taste, feel, or smell what the author is describing

simile

a comparison of two things that have something in commmon (uses "like" or "as")

speaker

the "voice" that talks to the reader in a poem

stanza

a grouping of two or more lines in a poem

symbol

a person, place, or object that stands for something beyond itself

extended metaphor

compares two essentially unlike things for a longer time than just one phrase (such as the whole poem being a metaphor)

figurative language

descriptions that are not literally true to create original descriptions

narrative poetry

poetry that tells a story (with characters, conflict, setting, etc.)

onomatopoeia

the use of words whose sounds suggest their meaning (ex. "hiss")

personification

giving human qualities to an animal, object, or idea (ex. In "Mi Madre", Earth is personified as a mother.)

traditional form

a form of poetry in which there are regular patterns of line length, syllables, and rhyming

assonance

the repetition of vowel sounds

couplet

Two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme

connotation

the feelings or emotions surrounding a word especially in poetry

elegy

a song or poem memorializing something or someone who has died

ode

a long, lyric poem usually marked by serious, respectful, and exalted feelings toward the subject

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