US Supreme Court Cases (landmark)

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all landmark Supreme Court cases

Marbury v Madison

Judicial Review

McCulloch v Maryland

Supremacy Clause

Gibbons v Ogden

Congress can regulate interstate commerce

Dred Scott v Sanford

African Americans could nto bring cases to court because they were property

Reynolds v US

You can't use Religion to escape from laws that apply to everyone; Constitution protects Religions, not their practices

Plessy v Ferguson

Seperate but equal

Schenk v US

Government can prosecute people who through expressive or symbolic speech present a "clear and present danger"

Gitlow v New York

First Ammendment applied to the states (selective incorporation)

Powell v Alabama

The defendant must be given legal counsel if requested as part of Due Process

Korematsu v US

Legal to intern Japanese Americans due to possible espionage

West Virginia v Barnett

Not required to say the Pledge of Allegiance

Everson v Board of Education

Transportation is secular

Brown v Board of Education

Seperate is unequal in schools (desegregates schools)

Mapp v Ohio

Exclusionary Rule

Engel v Vitale

Unconstitutional to have a mandated school prayer

Baker v Carr

One man one vote

Gideon v Wainwright

every person is gauranteed a lawyer; informa pauperis

New York Times v Sullivan

Established bounds of Freedom of Speech; No libel; Public figures must prove malice

Escobedo v Illinois

You have the right to a lawyer; created an extension of the sixth amendment

Griswold v Connecticut

Privacy

In re Gault

Due Process extends to Juveniles

Miranda v Arizona

As you're arrested, your "Miranda" rights must be read to you

Loving v Virginia

Interracial Marriage is allowed

Epperson v Arkansas

You are allowed to teach evolution (violates free speech)

Brandenburg v Ohio

"imminent lawless action" is a standard, one must be "likely to produce such action"

Tinker v Des Moines

If student speech does not cause a substantial disruption to a learning environment, it is protected speech

New York Times v US

Pentagon Papers; there is no prior restraint

Lemon v Kurtzman

Lemon Test; 1, Secular purpose 2, neither advancement nor inhibition of Religion 3, no excessive government entanglement

Wisconsin v Yoder

Amish children can't be forced to go to school past eigth grade as it violates their Religous freedom

Miller v California

Defines Obscenity; Establishes Slaps test

Roe v Wade

Right to abortion

US v Nixon

The Presidents executive privelige is not complete

Goss v Lopez

Kids can't be suspended without Due Process

Buckley v Valeo

Campaign Funding is a form of protected speech; there is still a limit on campaign money

Bakke v University of California

Quotas are illegal

Hazelwood v Kuhlmeier

Schools can censor speech if not in accordance with the school's beliefs/ education goals

Wallace v Jaffree

Intended Religous activity in schools is UnConstitutional

New Jersey v TLO

Can conduct school searches of students if there is reasonable suspicion

Allegheny County v Greater Pittsburgh ACLU

Placing a cresse inside a public building violates the Establishment Clause; how religous is the symbol, where is it placed

Texas v Johnson

Flag burning is protected; draft card burning is not protected

Oregon v Smith / Employment Division v Smith

Everybody is held to the same drug restriction standard

Westside Community Schools v Mergens

Students can organize religous clubs as long school administration takes no part in it

Casey v Planned Parenthood

A wife does not need a husbands consent to get a abortion, minors however need parent consent

Lee v Weisman

Inviting Religous officials to make speeches (eg. graduation) is UnConstitutional

Shaw v Reno

Gerrymandering can't be based on race

Vernonia School District v Acton

Random drug testing of athletes by a school is protected

US v Virginia

No gender based discrimination during the admissions process at the VMI

Reno v ACLU

Established communications decency act (banned later)

Bush v Gore

Florida recount after Presidential election

Boy Scout of America v Dale

Freedom of Association

US v Morrison

Can't sue for sexual assault in a Federal Court

Kyllo v US

Searching for something from the outside of someones house in order to gain evidence to obtain a warrat is UnConstitutional

Board of Education v Earls

Schools have a right to drug test their students

Lawrence v Texas

Consenting adults have a right to sexual behaviour in their home

Grutter v Bollinger

Affirmative action is still needed today

Gratz v Bollinger

Affirmative action is still needed today

Van Order v Perry

A display of the Ten Commandments outside of a Texas Court house is legal

Gonzalez v Raich

Home-grown drugs can be banned under the commerce clause

Kelo v City of New London

The government can take private property and give it to developers

Roper v Simmons

Minors can't be executed

Hamdan v Rumsfeld

Prisoners at Guantanamo Bay have rights

DC v Heller

you can own a gun in DC

Citizens United v FEC

The corporate funding of independent public broadcasts cannot be limited (under the First Amendment)

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