AP United States History AMSCO Review Unit 2

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AP United States History AMSCO Review Unit 2

Thomas Jefferson

President who got Louisiana Purchase, eliminated excise taxes, limited central government

Toussaint L'Ouverture

Led slave revolt in Haiti

John Marshall

Had major influence on supreme court actions and strengthened federal government; judicial review

Marbury vs Madison

Supreme court case that established judicial review

Aaron Burr

Conspired against Jefferson to secede the New England States from the Union, killed Alexander Hamilton, and tried to take over Louisiana

Quids

members of the Democratic-Republicans that opposed Jefferson

Barbary Pirate Affair

Jefferson sends fleet to Tripoli to attack pirates to stop attacks on merchants

Chesapeake-Leopard Affair

Under Jefferson a British warship fired on an American warship, sparking anti-British sentiments

Embargo Act

Act that prevented American merchants from trading with foreign powers; hurt American economy

James Madison

President faced with British and French impressment and eventually War of 1812

Macon's Bill

Bill that resulted in Napoleon deception

Tecumseh

Tried to unite all Indian tribes east of the Mississippi River

William Henry Harrison

General that put down Tecumseh's rebellion

Battle of Tippecanoe

Battle that ended Tecumseh's rebellion

War Hawks

Wanted to fight British in War of 1812, not found in New England

Clay and Calhoun

Leaders of the War Hawks

Old Ironsides

The nickname for the warship called the Constitution that sunk a British ship in Nova Scotia, increasing moral

Battle of Lake Erie

Oliver Hazard Perry defeats Britain in the most important naval battle of the war

Andrew Jackson

Led troops in south during War of 1812

Battle of Horseshoe Bend

Battle where the important British ally the Creek Nation was defeated

Battle of New Orleans

Jackson defeats British in an impressive battle after the War of 1812 has already ended

Treaty of Ghent

Treaty that ended War of 1812, neither side achieved gains

Hartford Convention

New England Federalists make demands before war ends but avoid secession: discredited Federalists

Era of good feelings

Lasted from 1816-Panic of 1819, nationalism, optimism, goodwill

James Monroe

President known for acquisition of Florida, the Missouri Compromise, and the Monroe Doctrine

Tariff of 1816

First protective tariff in US history

Henry Clay

Creator of "American system" of economic growth in the 1810s

American System

Economic growth system consisting of protective tariffs, a national bank, and internal improvements

Panic of 1819

First major financial panic, unemployment, deflation

John Marshall

Supreme court chief justice who's rulings established judicial review and implied powers

Missouri Compromise

Missouri is slave state, Maine is free, no slavery above 30'

Rush-Bagot Agreement

Limited armies around British Canadian border

Treaty of 1818

Improved relations with Great Britian

Florida Purchase Treaty

Bought Florida after Andrew Jackson attacks it

Monroe Doctrine

Doctrine that stated that US would oppose European attempts to colonize the Americas

National Road, Lancaster Turnpike, Erie Canal

Transportation projects in the early 1800s

Robert Fulton

Invented the steamboat

Eli Whitney

Invented cotton gin and interchangeable parts

Samuel Slater

Founder of first factory in America

Lowell System

Textile factory system that made use of young farm women in company dormitories

Market Revolution

Specialization on the farm, growth of cities, and development of modern capitalism created this

Sectionalism

Loyalty to a particular region

Nativists

Group of people reacting mostly strongly against foreigners

Old Northwest

Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, and Minnesota: west of Alleghenies

Nat Turner

Led a slave revolt in 1831

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