Caroline Drug list # 1

Created by joliecaroline11 

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G: Chlorpheniramine

B: ChlorTrimeton
Antihistamine

Chlorpheniramine
ChlorTrimeton

PO, OTC

G: Diphenhydramine

B: Benadryl
Antihistamine

Diphenhydramine
Benadryl

PO,OTC

G:Clemastine

B: Travist
Antihistamine

Clemastine
Tavist

PO, OTC

G:Promethazine

B: Phenergan
Antiistamine

Promethazine
Phenergan

PO, Injectable, Suppository
nausea

G:Cetirizine

B: Zyrtec
Antihistamine

Certirizine
Zyrtec

PO, OTC

G: Lortadine

B: Claritin
Antihistamine

Lortadine
Claritin

PO, OTC

G: Fexofenadine

B: Allegra
Antihistamine

Fexofenadine
Allegra

PO, OTC

Antihistamines

Treats:runny nose, itching, vertigo, and vomiting

H1 antihistamines

Used for allergy symptoms

H2 antihistamines

stomach acid suppression

G: Pseudoephedrine

B: Sudafed
Decongestant

Pseudoephedrine
Sudafed

PO

G: Phenylephrine

B: NeoSynephrine
Decongestant

Phenylephrine
NeoSynephrine

PO, nasal solution

G:Naphazoline

B: Privine
Decongestant

Naphazoline
Privine

Nasal Solution

G: Oxymetazoline

B: Afrin
Decongestant

Oxymetazoline
Afrin

Nasal Solution

Decongestants

Do not use in patients that have severe hypertension and/or CV disease
Do not use topical nasal decongestants for more than 3 days, due to development of rebound congestion

G: Codeine

B: None
Narcotic
Antitussive

G: Dextrompethorphan

B: Delsym
Non-narcotic
Antitussive

G: Diphenhydramine

B: Diphen
non-narcotic
Antitussive

Antitussive

Do not crush or chew Benzonatate due to anesthesia of the mouth and throat which could lead to trouble breathing

G:Amphotericin B

B: Fungizone
Antifungal

Amphotericin B
Fungizone

Injection

G: Nystatin

B: Mycostatin (yeast)
Antifungal

Nystatin
Mycostatin

PO, topical

G: Ketoconazole

B:Nizoral
Antifungal

Ketoconzole
Nizoral

PO, Topical

G: Fluconazole

B: Diflucan (yeast)
Antifungal

Fluconazole
Diflucan

PO, injection

G: Intraconazole

B :Sporanox
Antifungal

Intraconazole
Sporanox

PO, injection

G:Terbinafine

B: Lamisil (Athlete's foot)
Antifungal

Terbinafine
Lamisil

PO

G:Acyclovir

B: Zovirax
Antiviral

Acyclovir
Zoviax

PO, injection, topical

G: Famciclovir

B: Famvir
Antiviral

Famciclovir
Famvir

PO

G:Valacyclovir

B: Valtrex
Antiviral

Valacyclovir
Valtrex

PO

HIV drugs

NRTI, NNRTI, PI, non-nucleocide reverse transcriptase inhibitors

G:Quinine

B: Qualaquin
Antimalarial

Quinine
Qualaquin

PO

Penacillin

Penacillin and cephalosporins are the most popular for gram negative and gram positive bacteria.

Penicillin

Shake well and refridgerate
Pregnancy catergory B
Adverse reactions- diarrhea and hypersensitivity
Amoxicillin 2gm taken 1 hr before dentist appointment in patient with heart valve replacement

G: Penicillin B

B: Bicillin LA, CR
Penicillin

Penicillin B
Bicillin

IM, IV

G: Penicillin V

B: PenVeek, Veetids
Penicillin

Penicillin V
PenVeek

PO

G: Amoxicillin

B: Amoxcil, Trimox
Penicillin

Amoxicillin
Amoxcil

PO

G: Amoxicillin/Clavulante

B: Augmentin
Penicillin

Clavulante
Augmentin

PO

G:Ampicillin

B: Principen
Penicillin

Ampicillin
Principen

PO,IV

Cephalosporins

Given to people with PCN allergy
Pregnancy Cat B
less affected by stomach acid
3-7% cross-sensitivity in pt. with PCN allergy

G: Cephalexin

B: Keflex
Cephalosporin

Cephalexin
Keflex

PO

G: Cefaclor

B: Ceclor
Cephalosporin

Cefaclor
Ceclor

PO

G: Cefadroxil

B: Duricef
Cephalosporin

Cefadroxil
Duricef

PO

G: Cefazolin

B: Ancef
Cephalosporin

Cefazolin
Ancef

IM, IV

Fluoroquinolones

Pregnancy Cat C
Broad spectrum
can cause photoxicity reactions
Contraindicated in children

G: Ciprofloxacin

B: Cipro
Fluroquinolones

Ciprofloxacin
Cipro

PO, injection

G: Gatifloxacin

B: Tequin
Fluroquinolones

Gatifloxacin
Tequin

PO

G: Levofloxacin

B: Levaquin
Fluroquinolones

Levefloxacin
Levaquin

Po, injection

G: Ofloxacin

B: Floxin
Fluoroquinolones

Ofloxacin
Floxin

PO

Tetracyclines

Pregnancy Cat D
Photosensitivity
Do not give to children-possible tooth discoloration
Do not take with dairy products
Take on an empty stomach
Acne treatment

G: Tetracycline

B: Sumycin
Tetracycline

Tetracycline
Sumycin

PO

G: Doxycycline

B: Vibramycine
Tetracycline

Doxycycline
Vibramycine

PO

G: Minocycline

B: Minocin
Tetracycline

Minocycline
Minocin

PO

Macrolides

Do not confuse with aminoglycosides
Pregnancy Cat B- Azithromycin and Erythromycin
Pregnancy Sat C- Clarithromycin
Alternate antibiotic for patient with PCN allergy
Biaxin can cause metallic taste
Zithromax do not take with antacids

G: Clarithromycin

B: Biaxin
Macrolides

Clarithomycin
Biaxin

PO

G:Azithromycin

B: Zithromax
Macrolides

Azithromycin
Zithromax

PO

Aminoglycosides

strongest
almost all IV
Must monitor levels due to otoxicity and nephrotoxicity

G: Gentamicin

B: Garamycin
Aminoglycoside

Gentamicin
Garamycin

injection

G: Tobramycin

B: Nebcin
Aminoglycoside

Tobramycin
Nebcin

Injection

G: Neomycin

B: NONE
Aminoglycoside

Neomycin

PO

Sulfonamides

Pregnancy Cat C
Primarily used to treat UTI
Cause photosensitivity and hypersensitivity reactions
Patient with sulfa allergies should not take
Containdicated in nursing mothers

G:Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim

B: Bactrim, Septra, SMZ, TMP
Sulfonamides

Sulfamethoxazole
Bactrim

PO, injectable

Vancomycin

Given IV for severe Staph infections
Monitor blood levels due to ototoxicity and nephrotoxicity
Antibiotic

G: Metronidazole

B: Flagyl
Antibiotic

Metronidazole
Flagyl

Given IV and PO
AVOID ALCOHOL
While taking and three days after to avoid antabuse
Metallic taste

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