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CPU

The main component of a computer which performs mathematical operations, moves data, and makes decisions based on specific instructions.

ROM BIOS

A computer chip which holds basic instructions and services in order to run basic hardware tests.

RAM

A memory chip in a computer which holds all programs and data when they are in use.

Hard Drive

The primary storage component of a computer which holds all software and data.

Processing

The second stage of the computing process, in which the computer analyzes information input by the user.

Output

The third stage of the computing process, in which the computer produces a result based on the user's request.

EULA

document associated with a stand-alone software program which explains the legal regulations for using the software.

Stand-Alone Software

A type of software that is downloaded or installed and runs independently on a computer.

Sharware

A version of a software application available for free use with limited features or for a trial period.

Freeware

Software that is free to use.

Optical Media

A type of media used to store data which is read by a laser, such as a CD or DVD.

OS (Operating System)

The primary form of software running on a computer that organizes tiles and folders as well as telling the hardware how to interact with the user and other software.

Input

The first stage of the computing process, in which a user initiating an action by giving the computer information or a request.

Open Source Software

An application that is not installed locally but used over the Internet or another network.

Real-Time Operating System

An operating system that reacts to current events and actions occurring around it.

Embedded System

An operating system that combines processors and software in a device.

Which unit is used to measure computer processing speed?

Megahertz

are services used to examine potentially damaged media? Choose all that apply.

Disk Utility

Which type of operating system combines processors and software on a device?

Embedded

Which type of software tells the hardware how to interact with the user and other software?

Operating system

Which are folder view options in Windows? Choose all that apply.

List
Details
Small Icons
Medium Icons
Large Icons

What allows a user to view folders, applications, devices, and documents on a Macintosh computer?

Finder

What is the spreadsheet software in the Microsoft Office suite called?

Excel

Which part of a computer holds all programs and data while they are in use?

RAM

Which are examples of remote storage? Choose all that apply.

SAN
Google Docs
Network drive

Which process allows a user to return to a previous state on the computer if something goes wrong?

Backup

Under which Control Panel category is the Free up disk space option located in Windows Vista?

System and Maintenance

What is usually included with standalone software and informs a user how the software can be used legally?

End-User License Agreement

Which type of software encourages developers to improve upon and add to it?

Open source

What is Software as a Service?

Software accessed over the Internet

Which type of operating system responds to events currently occurring?

Real-time

False

When a shortcut is deleted, the original application, folder, or file is also deleted.

Where are the majority of the technical and maintenance settings located on a Windows computer?

Control Panel

Applications can be installed directly from the Web.

True

Which are Finder viewing options for Macintosh? Choose all that apply.

Applications can be installed directly from the Web
Columns

What is used in the Dock to indicate that an application is currently running on a Macintosh computer?

Bright spot under the application icon

Where are the majority of the technical and maintenance settings located on a Macintosh computer?

System Preferences

A file type must be associated with the correct application in order to open.

True

Which type of software stores information in structured tables that can connect and interact with each other?

Database

Which type of application allows a user to view content on the Web?

Browser

Input

the first step in the three-stage process.

CPU

moves data, performs mathematic operations, makes decisions based on instructions, and directs the actions of hardware and software.

ROM-BIOS

computer chip which holds basic instructions and services in order to run basic hardware tests.

RAM

part of a computer that holds all programs and data while they are in use

random access memory

stands for RAM

one byte

8 bits

optical media

media used to store data which is read by a laser

CD-R

type of optical media that can only be written to once.

remote

SAN, Google Docs, and Network drive

input devices

Scanner, keyboard, touch screen, and game controller

input/output

Manual and plug-and-play are the two main basic installation methods

computer's purpose

When deciding which type of computer to purchase, a buyer should first consider

Backup option

to return to a previous state on the computer

System and Maintenance

The Free up Disk Space option is located in the

Printer maintenance

includes changing the ink cartridge, clearing paper jams, and aligning printer heads

Start orb

Start button

Start menu

gives access to programs or files on the computer

task bar

The minimize button in a window or application sends that window or application to the

Close button

The bright red X at the top of a window or application is the

When a shortcut is deleted

the original application, folder, or file is not deleted

Folder Options dialog box

Show hidden files and folders, Hide extensions for known file types, and Hide protected operating system files are all options available in the

task bar shows

all the programs, files, and applications open or in use

The majority of the technical and maintenance settings are located in the

Control Panel

Lock, Sleep, Log Off, Restart, Hibernate, and Shut Down

all options dealing with powering down a Windows computer

Web

Applications can be installed directly from the

Finder viewing options for Macintosh

List, Columns, and Thumbnails are

A bright spot under the application icon appears in the dock to indicate that an application is currently running

on a Macintosh computer. [Application Indicators]

System Preferences on a Macintosh computer

The majority of the technical and maintenance settings are located in

open

A file type must be associated with the correct application in order to

suite

A group of different applications that work together

Productivity suites

Word processing, spreadsheets, and presentation software

PowerPoint

presentation software in the Microsoft Office suite

connect and interact with each other

A Database is a type of software that stores information in structured tables that can

Web

The Browser allows a user to view content on the

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