← Literary Terms III Export Options Alphabetize Word-Def Delimiter Tab Comma Custom Def-Word Delimiter New Line Semicolon Custom Data Copy and paste the text below. It is read-only. Select All Action what happens in a story: the events or conflicts. Allegory a story in which people, things, and actions represent an idea or generalization about life. Anecdote a short summary of a funny or humorous event. Antagonist the person or thing working against the protagonist, or hero, of the work. Characterization the method an author uses to reveal or describe characters and their various personalities. Climax the high point, or turning point, in a story-usually the most intense point. Conflict the problem or struggle in a story that triggers the action. Context the set of facts or circumstances surrounding an event or a situation in a piece of literature. Denouement the final solution or outcome of a play or story. Colloquialism an expression that is usually accepted in informal situations and certain locations. Epic a long narrative poem that tells of the deeds and adventures of a hero. Epithet a word or phrase used in place of a person's name; it is characteristic of that person. Exposition writing that is intended to make clear, or explain, something that might otherwise be difficult to understand. Falling Action the action of a play or story that works out the decision arrived at during the climax. Figurative Language language used to create a special effect or feeling. Hyperbole an exaggeration, or overstatement. Metaphor a comparison of two unlike things in which no word of comparison is used. Personification a literary device in which the author speaks of or describes an animal, object, or idea as if it were a person. Simile a comparison of two unlike things in which a word of comparison is used. Understatement stating an idea with restraint to emphasize what is being talked about. Foil someone who serves as a contrast or challenge to another character. Foreshadowing giving hints and clues of what is to come later in a story. Genre a category or type of literature based on its style, form, and content. Imagery the words or phrases a writer selects to create a certain picture in the reader's mind. Narration writing that relates an event or a series of events. Parody a form of literature intended to mock a particular literary work or its style. Plot Line the graphic display of the action or events in a story. Point of View the vantage point from which the story is told Protagonist the main character or hero of the story. Resolution the portion of the story where the problem is solved. Rising Action the series of conflicts or struggles that build a story toward a climax. Setting the time and place in which the action of a literary work occurs. Soliloquy a speech delivered by a character when he or she is alone on stage. Theme the statement about life a particular work is trying to get across to the reader. Tone the overall feeling, or effect, created by a writer's use of words. Analogy a comparison of two or more similar objects suggesting that if they are alike in certain respects they will probably be alike in other ways as well. Myth a traditional story that attempts to explain a natural phenomenon or justify a certain practice or belief of a society. Irony using a word or phrase to mean the exact opposite of its literal or normal meaning Sarcasm the use of praise to mock someone or something. tragic hero a character who experiences an inner struggle because of a character flaw.