5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Buckley v. Valeo (1976)
- Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857)
- Korematsu v. U.S. (1944)
- Grutter v. Bollinger (2003)
- U.S. v. Nixon (1974)
- a Race can be used as a factor for admission into a public law school as long as the policy is "narrowly tailored"
- b Candidates can use as much of their own money as they want to support their own campaigns.
- c The court ruled that the ordering of Japanese-Americans into internment camps was constitutional and justified due to circumstances of "emergency and peril."
- d "Executive privilege" is not absolute and is subject to judicial review.
- e Outlawed Missouri Compromise. Denial of slavery was a 5th amendment property violation. Because African-Americans were NOT considered citizens, they were not protected.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Congress has the right to prohibit speech that causes a "clear and present danger." During wartime, utterances tolerable in peacetime can be punished.
- States can place restrictions on abortions (viability tests, no use of public facilities for abortions, no counseling to have abortions) but cannot outlaw them.
- Reaffirmed the "one person, one vote" decision of the 1962 case of Baker v. Carr when redistricting for federal elections. Each congressional district must be approximately the same in constituent size.
- In establishing a national bank, Congress was legally applying the "necessary and proper clause" of the Constitution, thus exercising powers not specifically delegated to Congress but implied by its enumerated powers.
- More leeway for states in regulation abortion, although it DID NOT overturn Roe v. Wade. Upholds MO law prohibiting abortion in public hospitals; shift in composition of court. (Later cases allow 24-hour waiting periods, parental consent for minors, etc.)
5 True/False Questions
Miranda v. Arizona (1966) → Provided for the accused to be notified of their rights (right to counsel, right to an attorney, right to remain silent) before being interrogated by the police.
Regents of California v. Bakke (1978) → Ruled that giving minorities preferential treatment based solely on race was reverse-discrimination and as such was unconstitutional. Race can be a contributing factor but not be the only factor in determining college admissions - there can be no quotas.
Palko v. Connecticut (1937) → Provided test for determining which parts of Bill of Rights should be applicable to the states - those which are fundamentally necessary for liberty to exist.
Lemon v. Kurtzman (1971) → Although not phrased as such in the ruling, this case established the "separate but equal" principle as being constitutional and in line with the 14th Amendment. It determined that segregation did not constitute unlawful discrimination.
Tinker v. Des Moines (1969) → Ruled that obscene materials did not enjoy First Amendment protection. Modified the test for obscenity, holding that "[t]he basic guidelines for the trier of fact must be: (a) whether 'the average person, applying contemporary community standards' would find that the work, taken as a whole, appeals to the prurient interest. . . (b) whether the work depicts or describes, in a patently offensive way, sexual conduct specifically defined by the applicable state law; and (c) whether the work, taken as a whole, lacks serious literary, artistic, political, or scientific value."