5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- McCullough v. Maryland (1819)
- Engel v. Vitale (1962)
- Regents of California v. Bakke (1978)
- Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)
- Lemon v. Kurtzman (1971)
- a All school-sanctioned prayer (in public schools) is unconstitutional because it violates the establishment clause of the 1st Amendment.
- b In establishing a national bank, Congress was legally applying the "necessary and proper clause" of the Constitution, thus exercising powers not specifically delegated to Congress but implied by its enumerated powers.
- c Ruled that giving minorities preferential treatment based solely on race was reverse-discrimination and as such was unconstitutional. Race can be a contributing factor but not be the only factor in determining college admissions - there can be no quotas.
- d The Sixth Amendment 's guarantee of counsel is a fundamental right, and through the Due Process Clause of the 14th Amendment, this made it applicable to states, which now had to provide an attorney if a defendant couldn't afford one.
- e This established a three-part test by which governments can determine if their actions violate the Establishment Clause of the constitution: is the Law clearly secular, does neither prohibit nor inhibit religion, and is there excessive gov't. entanglement.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Segregation in SCHOOLS is a violation of the 14th amendment, because separate is inherently unequal. This was the beginning of the end for all forms of state-maintained racial separation.
- "Eminent Domain" may be used to take private property for the public good even if this means giving it to private developers.
- "Executive privilege" is not absolute and is subject to judicial review.
- Reaffirmed the "one person, one vote" decision of the 1962 case of Baker v. Carr when redistricting for federal elections. Each congressional district must be approximately the same in constituent size.
- Outlawed all white primaries.
5 True/False questions
Texas v. Johnson (1984) → Flag burning is protected speech.
Korematsu v. U.S. (1944) → The court ruled that the ordering of Japanese-Americans into internment camps was constitutional and justified due to circumstances of "emergency and peril."
Miller v. California (1973) → Provided for the accused to be notified of their rights (right to counsel, right to an attorney, right to remain silent) before being interrogated by the police.
Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission (2010) → By a 5-to-4 vote along ideological lines, the majority held that under the First Amendment corporate funding of independent political broadcasts in candidate elections cannot be limited.
Miranda v. Arizona (1966) → Applied the exclusionary rule (evidence seized illegally cannot be used in court) to the state courts.