5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, KA (1954)
- Wesberry v. Sanders (1964)
- Clinton v. New York City (1997)
- Texas v. Johnson (1984)
- Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
- a Flag burning is protected speech.
- b Reaffirmed the "one person, one vote" decision of the 1962 case of Baker v. Carr when redistricting for federal elections. Each congressional district must be approximately the same in constituent size.
- c Regulating interstate commerce is a power reserved to the federal government. Established the importance of Congress' Commerce Clause.
- d Segregation in SCHOOLS is a violation of the 14th amendment, because separate is inherently unequal. This was the beginning of the end for all forms of state-maintained racial separation.
- e Ruled that the law granting the president the line item-veto was unconstitutional.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Although not phrased as such in the ruling, this case established the "separate but equal" principle as being constitutional and in line with the 14th Amendment. It determined that segregation did not constitute unlawful discrimination.
- Federal law designed to prohibit "indecency" on the internet was unconstitutional.
- "Executive privilege" is not absolute and is subject to judicial review.
- The Bill of Rights was NOT applicable to the states (this was prior to the 14th Amendment and the subsequent incorporation doctrine).
- Death penalty is not "cruel and unusual punishment" in extreme cases such as murder.
5 True/False questions
Marbury v. Madison (1803) → This case established the Supreme Court's power of Judicial Review.
Smith v. Allright (1944) → The Sixth Amendment 's guarantee of counsel is a fundamental right, and through the Due Process Clause of the 14th Amendment, this made it applicable to states, which now had to provide an attorney if a defendant couldn't afford one.
Webster v. Reproductive Health Services (1987) → More leeway for states in regulation abortion, although it DID NOT overturn Roe v. Wade. Upholds MO law prohibiting abortion in public hospitals; shift in composition of court. (Later cases allow 24-hour waiting periods, parental consent for minors, etc.)
Kelo v. New London (2005) → Hand-counting in Florida was a violation of Equal Protection clause, made George W. Bush the winner of the 2000 election
Korematsu v. U.S. (1944) → Congress has the right to prohibit speech that causes a "clear and present danger." During wartime, utterances tolerable in peacetime can be punished.