5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)
- Griswold v. Connecticut (1965)
- Texas v. Johnson (1984)
- Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857)
- New York Times v. Sullivan (1964)
- a Flag burning is protected speech.
- b The Sixth Amendment 's guarantee of counsel is a fundamental right, and through the Due Process Clause of the 14th Amendment, this made it applicable to states, which now had to provide an attorney if a defendant couldn't afford one.
- c Libel case-writer did it with intent to defame-knew it was false-wrote it with malicious intent. Public officials/figures have less privacy rights.
- d The court determined that although the Constitution does not explicitly protect a general right to privacy, collectively the 1st, 3rd, 4th and 9th Amendments create a penumbras that do imply a protected right to privacy in the U.S. Constitution.
- e Outlawed Missouri Compromise. Denial of slavery was a 5th amendment property violation. Because African-Americans were NOT considered citizens, they were not protected.
5 Multiple choice questions
- In response to a black armbands worn by students to school protesting the Vietnam, the court ruled that while student rights t can be restricted, "students do not leave their constitutional rights at the schoolhouse door."
- States can place restrictions on abortions (viability tests, no use of public facilities for abortions, no counseling to have abortions) but cannot outlaw them.
- The Bill of Rights was NOT applicable to the states (this was prior to the 14th Amendment and the subsequent incorporation doctrine).
- This established a three-part test by which governments can determine if their actions violate the Establishment Clause of the constitution: is the Law clearly secular, does neither prohibit nor inhibit religion, and is there excessive gov't. entanglement.
- Provided for the accused to be notified of their rights (right to counsel, right to an attorney, right to remain silent) before being interrogated by the police.
5 True/False questions
U.S. v. Nixon (1974) → Gun Free School Zones Act exceeded Congress' authority to regulate interstate commerce. The law is a criminal statute that has nothing to do with "commerce" or any sort of economic activity.
McCullough v. Maryland (1819) → In establishing a national bank, Congress was legally applying the "necessary and proper clause" of the Constitution, thus exercising powers not specifically delegated to Congress but implied by its enumerated powers.
Marbury v. Madison (1803) → This case established the Supreme Court's power of Judicial Review.
Wesberry v. Sanders (1964) → Reaffirmed the "one person, one vote" decision of the 1962 case of Baker v. Carr when redistricting for federal elections. Each congressional district must be approximately the same in constituent size.
Palko v. Connecticut (1937) → The court determined that although the Constitution does not explicitly protect a general right to privacy, collectively the 1st, 3rd, 4th and 9th Amendments create a penumbras that do imply a protected right to privacy in the U.S. Constitution.