5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Smith v. Allright (1944)
- Kelo v. New London (2005)
- Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
- Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857)
- Bush v. Gore (2001)
- a Hand-counting in Florida was a violation of Equal Protection clause, made George W. Bush the winner of the 2000 election
- b Although not phrased as such in the ruling, this case established the "separate but equal" principle as being constitutional and in line with the 14th Amendment. It determined that segregation did not constitute unlawful discrimination.
- c "Eminent Domain" may be used to take private property for the public good even if this means giving it to private developers.
- d Outlawed Missouri Compromise. Denial of slavery was a 5th amendment property violation. Because African-Americans were NOT considered citizens, they were not protected.
- e Outlawed all white primaries.
5 Multiple choice questions
- In response to a black armbands worn by students to school protesting the Vietnam, the court ruled that while student rights t can be restricted, "students do not leave their constitutional rights at the schoolhouse door."
- Libel case-writer did it with intent to defame-knew it was false-wrote it with malicious intent. Public officials/figures have less privacy rights.
- NO racial gerrymandering; race cannot be the sole or predominant factor in redrawing legislative boundaries; majority-minority districts.
- By a 5-to-4 vote along ideological lines, the majority held that under the First Amendment corporate funding of independent political broadcasts in candidate elections cannot be limited.
- Segregation in SCHOOLS is a violation of the 14th amendment, because separate is inherently unequal. This was the beginning of the end for all forms of state-maintained racial separation.
5 True/False questions
Lemon v. Kurtzman (1971) → This established a three-part test by which governments can determine if their actions violate the Establishment Clause of the constitution: is the Law clearly secular, does neither prohibit nor inhibit religion, and is there excessive gov't. entanglement.
Barron v. Baltimore (1833) → The Bill of Rights was NOT applicable to the states (this was prior to the 14th Amendment and the subsequent incorporation doctrine).
United States v. Morrison (2000) → Congress DOES NOT have the authority to enact the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 under either the Commerce Clause or the Fourteenth Amendment.
Roe v. Wade (1973) → Abortion rights fall within the privacy implied in the 14th amendment; established the three trimester standard for abortion procedures.
Schenck v. U.S. (1919) → Congress has the right to prohibit speech that causes a "clear and present danger." During wartime, utterances tolerable in peacetime can be punished.