5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Tinker v. Des Moines (1969)
- Buckley v. Valeo (1976)
- Marbury v. Madison (1803)
- Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, KA (1954)
- Mapp v. Ohio (1961)
- a Applied the exclusionary rule (evidence seized illegally cannot be used in court) to the state courts.
- b In response to a black armbands worn by students to school protesting the Vietnam, the court ruled that while student rights t can be restricted, "students do not leave their constitutional rights at the schoolhouse door."
- c Candidates can use as much of their own money as they want to support their own campaigns.
- d Segregation in SCHOOLS is a violation of the 14th amendment, because separate is inherently unequal. This was the beginning of the end for all forms of state-maintained racial separation.
- e This case established the Supreme Court's power of Judicial Review.
5 Multiple choice questions
- NO racial gerrymandering; race cannot be the sole or predominant factor in redrawing legislative boundaries; majority-minority districts.
- By a 5-to-4 vote along ideological lines, the majority held that under the First Amendment corporate funding of independent political broadcasts in candidate elections cannot be limited.
- Congress has the right to prohibit speech that causes a "clear and present danger." During wartime, utterances tolerable in peacetime can be punished.
- The court ruled that the ordering of Japanese-Americans into internment camps was constitutional and justified due to circumstances of "emergency and peril."
- Outlawed Missouri Compromise. Denial of slavery was a 5th amendment property violation. Because African-Americans were NOT considered citizens, they were not protected.
5 True/False questions
New York Times v. Sullivan (1964) → Libel case-writer did it with intent to defame-knew it was false-wrote it with malicious intent. Public officials/figures have less privacy rights.
Bush v. Gore (2001) → Hand-counting in Florida was a violation of Equal Protection clause, made George W. Bush the winner of the 2000 election
Webster v. Reproductive Health Services (1989) → More leeway for states in regulation abortion, although it DID NOT overturn Roe v. Wade. Upholds MO law prohibiting abortion in public hospitals; shift in composition of court. (Later cases allow 24-hour waiting periods, parental consent for minors, etc.)
Wesberry v. Sanders (1964) → Reaffirmed the "one person, one vote" decision of the 1962 case of Baker v. Carr when redistricting for federal elections. Each congressional district must be approximately the same in constituent size.
U.S. v. Nixon (1974) → Gun Free School Zones Act exceeded Congress' authority to regulate interstate commerce. The law is a criminal statute that has nothing to do with "commerce" or any sort of economic activity.