5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Clinton v. New York City (1997)
- Wesberry v. Sanders (1964)
- Gregg v. Georgia (1976)
- Lemon v. Kurtzman (1971)
- Tinker v. Des Moines (1969)
- a In response to a black armbands worn by students to school protesting the Vietnam, the court ruled that while student rights t can be restricted, "students do not leave their constitutional rights at the schoolhouse door."
- b Death penalty is not "cruel and unusual punishment" in extreme cases such as murder.
- c Reaffirmed the "one person, one vote" decision of the 1962 case of Baker v. Carr when redistricting for federal elections. Each congressional district must be approximately the same in constituent size.
- d This established a three-part test by which governments can determine if their actions violate the Establishment Clause of the constitution: is the Law clearly secular, does neither prohibit nor inhibit religion, and is there excessive gov't. entanglement.
- e Ruled that the law granting the president the line item-veto was unconstitutional.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- The court ruled that the ordering of Japanese-Americans into internment camps was constitutional and justified due to circumstances of "emergency and peril."
- In establishing a national bank, Congress was legally applying the "necessary and proper clause" of the Constitution, thus exercising powers not specifically delegated to Congress but implied by its enumerated powers.
- The court determined that although the Constitution does not explicitly protect a general right to privacy, collectively the 1st, 3rd, 4th and 9th Amendments create a penumbras that do imply a protected right to privacy in the U.S. Constitution.
- "Eminent Domain" may be used to take private property for the public good even if this means giving it to private developers.
- Congress has the right to prohibit speech that causes a "clear and present danger." During wartime, utterances tolerable in peacetime can be punished.
5 True/False Questions
Roe v. Wade (1973) → Federal law designed to prohibit "indecency" on the internet was unconstitutional.
Webster v. Reproductive Health Services (1987) → States can place restrictions on abortions (viability tests, no use of public facilities for abortions, no counseling to have abortions) but cannot outlaw them.
Texas v. Johnson (1984) → Flag burning is protected speech.
Reno v. ACLU (1996) → Abortion rights fall within the privacy implied in the 14th amendment; established the three trimester standard for abortion procedures.
Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857) → Reaffirmed the "one person, one vote" decision of the 1962 case of Baker v. Carr when redistricting for federal elections. Each congressional district must be approximately the same in constituent size.