5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- U.S. v. Nixon (1974)
- Lemon v. Kurtzman (1971)
- Korematsu v. U.S. (1944)
- Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
- Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission (2010)
- a "Executive privilege" is not absolute and is subject to judicial review.
- b This established a three-part test by which governments can determine if their actions violate the Establishment Clause of the constitution: is the Law clearly secular, does neither prohibit nor inhibit religion, and is there excessive gov't. entanglement.
- c The court ruled that the ordering of Japanese-Americans into internment camps was constitutional and justified due to circumstances of "emergency and peril."
- d By a 5-to-4 vote along ideological lines, the majority held that under the First Amendment corporate funding of independent political broadcasts in candidate elections cannot be limited.
- e Although not phrased as such in the ruling, this case established the "separate but equal" principle as being constitutional and in line with the 14th Amendment. It determined that segregation did not constitute unlawful discrimination.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Using the Necessary and Proper Clause of Article I as justification, Congress CAN NOT require state officials to regulate handgun purchases by performing those duties called for by the Brady Bill's handgun applicant background-checks?
- Abortion rights fall within the privacy implied in the 14th amendment; established the three trimester standard for abortion procedures.
- Death penalty is not "cruel and unusual punishment" in extreme cases such as murder.
- Reaffirmed the "one person, one vote" decision of the 1962 case of Baker v. Carr when redistricting for federal elections. Each congressional district must be approximately the same in constituent size.
- Outlawed all white primaries.
5 True/False Questions
Grutter v. Bollinger (2003) → Hand-counting in Florida was a violation of Equal Protection clause, made George W. Bush the winner of the 2000 election
U.S. v. Lopez (1995) → "Executive privilege" is not absolute and is subject to judicial review.
Tinker v. Des Moines (1969) → In response to a black armbands worn by students to school protesting the Vietnam, the court ruled that while student rights t can be restricted, "students do not leave their constitutional rights at the schoolhouse door."
Regents of California v. Bakke (1978) → Ruled that obscene materials did not enjoy First Amendment protection. Modified the test for obscenity, holding that "[t]he basic guidelines for the trier of fact must be: (a) whether 'the average person, applying contemporary community standards' would find that the work, taken as a whole, appeals to the prurient interest. . . (b) whether the work depicts or describes, in a patently offensive way, sexual conduct specifically defined by the applicable state law; and (c) whether the work, taken as a whole, lacks serious literary, artistic, political, or scientific value."
Reno v. ACLU (1996) → Federal law designed to prohibit "indecency" on the internet was unconstitutional.