5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Shaw v. Reno (1993)
- Reno v. ACLU (1996)
- Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)
- U.S. v. Nixon (1974)
- United States v. Morrison (2000)
- a Federal law designed to prohibit "indecency" on the internet was unconstitutional.
- b NO racial gerrymandering; race cannot be the sole or predominant factor in redrawing legislative boundaries; majority-minority districts.
- c Congress DOES NOT have the authority to enact the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 under either the Commerce Clause or the Fourteenth Amendment.
- d The Sixth Amendment 's guarantee of counsel is a fundamental right, and through the Due Process Clause of the 14th Amendment, this made it applicable to states, which now had to provide an attorney if a defendant couldn't afford one.
- e "Executive privilege" is not absolute and is subject to judicial review.
5 Multiple choice questions
- This established a three-part test by which governments can determine if their actions violate the Establishment Clause of the constitution: is the Law clearly secular, does neither prohibit nor inhibit religion, and is there excessive gov't. entanglement.
- Ruled that the law granting the president the line item-veto was unconstitutional.
- "Eminent Domain" may be used to take private property for the public good even if this means giving it to private developers.
- Race can be used as a factor for admission into a public law school as long as the policy is "narrowly tailored"
- This case established the Supreme Court's power of Judicial Review.
5 True/False questions
Tinker v. Des Moines (1969) → In response to a black armbands worn by students to school protesting the Vietnam, the court ruled that while student rights t can be restricted, "students do not leave their constitutional rights at the schoolhouse door."
Palko v. Connecticut (1937) → Provided test for determining which parts of Bill of Rights should be applicable to the states - those which are fundamentally necessary for liberty to exist.
Roe v. Wade (1973) → Federal law designed to prohibit "indecency" on the internet was unconstitutional.
Miller v. California (1973) → Ruled that obscene materials did not enjoy First Amendment protection. Modified the test for obscenity, holding that "[t]he basic guidelines for the trier of fact must be: (a) whether 'the average person, applying contemporary community standards' would find that the work, taken as a whole, appeals to the prurient interest. . . (b) whether the work depicts or describes, in a patently offensive way, sexual conduct specifically defined by the applicable state law; and (c) whether the work, taken as a whole, lacks serious literary, artistic, political, or scientific value."
New York Times v. Sullivan (1964) → This established a three-part test by which governments can determine if their actions violate the Establishment Clause of the constitution: is the Law clearly secular, does neither prohibit nor inhibit religion, and is there excessive gov't. entanglement.