5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Miranda v. Arizona (1966)
- Engel v. Vitale (1962)
- Wesberry v. Sanders (1964)
- Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, KA (1954)
- Smith v. Allright (1944)
- a Segregation in SCHOOLS is a violation of the 14th amendment, because separate is inherently unequal. This was the beginning of the end for all forms of state-maintained racial separation.
- b Outlawed all white primaries.
- c Reaffirmed the "one person, one vote" decision of the 1962 case of Baker v. Carr when redistricting for federal elections. Each congressional district must be approximately the same in constituent size.
- d All school-sanctioned prayer (in public schools) is unconstitutional because it violates the establishment clause of the 1st Amendment.
- e Provided for the accused to be notified of their rights (right to counsel, right to an attorney, right to remain silent) before being interrogated by the police.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Libel case-writer did it with intent to defame-knew it was false-wrote it with malicious intent. Public officials/figures have less privacy rights.
- Race can be used as a factor for admission into a public law school as long as the policy is "narrowly tailored"
- Ruled that giving minorities preferential treatment based solely on race was reverse-discrimination and as such was unconstitutional. Race can be a contributing factor but not be the only factor in determining college admissions - there can be no quotas.
- This established a three-part test by which governments can determine if their actions violate the Establishment Clause of the constitution: is the Law clearly secular, does neither prohibit nor inhibit religion, and is there excessive gov't. entanglement.
- "Executive privilege" is not absolute and is subject to judicial review.
5 True/False Questions
Roe v. Wade (1973) → Federal law designed to prohibit "indecency" on the internet was unconstitutional.
Mapp v. Ohio (1961) → NO racial gerrymandering; race cannot be the sole or predominant factor in redrawing legislative boundaries; majority-minority districts.
Clinton v. New York City (1997) → Ruled that the law granting the president the line item-veto was unconstitutional.
Barron v. Baltimore (1833) → This case established the Supreme Court's power of Judicial Review.
U.S. v. Lopez (1995) → Gun Free School Zones Act exceeded Congress' authority to regulate interstate commerce. The law is a criminal statute that has nothing to do with "commerce" or any sort of economic activity.