Any culture that is not related to the United States and Canada or to western Europe
A religion and philosophy developed in ancient India, characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme being who takes many forms
a world religion or philosophy based on the teaching of the Buddha and holding that a state of enlightenment can be attained by suppressing worldly desire
a symbolic hand gesture
A succession of rulers from the same family.
A Chinese philosophy in which people live a simple life in harmony with nature.
The ideas of Confucius, emphasizing such values as family, tradition, and mutual respect
A ceramic made of fine clay baked at very high temperatures.
A military dictatorship
Professional Japanese warrior.
A horizontal painting that is unrolled right to left, section by section, and often used to present illustrated religious texts or landscapes.
Japanese brush painting created with ink.
an ink stone, an ink stick, a brush, and the appropriate kind of paper.
The bamboo, the orchid, the plum tree and the chrysanthemum.
A way to identify the artist and to create a balance in the composition.
One of the world's major religions, A religion based on the teachings of the prophet Mohammed which stresses belief in one god (Allah), Paradise and Hell, and a body of law written in the Quran.
Belief in a single God
Islamic art/geometric patterns that are repeated over and over
The term used when referring to the various cultures and civilizations found throughout North and South America before the arrival of Columbus
The area of modern Mexico and the northern countries of central America.
Earliest Mexican culture; made eight giant stone heads; highly sophisticated society; had a large class of farmers and a small powerful elite class
The largest city in the pre-Columbian Americas. At this time it may have had more than 200,000 inhabitants.
Warrior people who conquered the Mayan but who "withdrew" before the rise of the Aztecs.
founded the city Tenochtitlan in 1325 and gradually expanded their control over central Mexico.
The capital city of the Aztec empire, located where Mexico city stands now.
Mesoamerican civilization located in the rain forest of Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula. Major contributions were in mathematics, astronomy, and development of the calendar.
Native American culture which thrived in the Southwest known for cliff dwellings and maize growing.
A farming culture made up of the Zuni and Hopi tribes.
The largest Indian tribe in the United States today; famous for their beautiful woven rags and silver jewelry. Their reservation occupies the northeast area of Arizona.
Images of ancestors or animals often carved onto tall poles by native americans tribes of the pacific northwest