Zealous preaching and advocacy of the gospel
process by which a person agreed to work for a colonial employer for a specified time in exchange for passage to America.
A group of investors who bought the right to establish New World plantations from the king. EX: Virginia Company.
Theory that economic power was rooted in a fair balance of trade, and the control of specie (hard currency, such as coins).
The middle leg of the triangular trade route that carried slaves from Africa to the Caribbean/United States. Notorious for the inhuman treatment slaves experienced.
This type of colony was owned by one person who usually received the land as a gift from the king. EX: Connecticut (1635), Maryland (Cecilius Calvert, Lord Baltimore), New York (James, the King's brother.), New Jersey, Carolina.
The type of colony that is owned by the king. Most of the proprietary colonies were converted to this type of colony.
Britain's policy towards the colonies during 1650-1750, where British government interfered in colonial affairs as little as possible. Colonies developed a large degree of autonomy; also known as benign neglect.
England put this type of tariff in place on imports that might compete with English goods.
(1676) A rebellion by the "backcountry" settlers in Virginia's western frontier where the settlers were unhappy with the lack of government support against the Native Americans in the land they were settling. Led by Nathaniel Bacon, they first attacked the Doegs and the Susquehannocks, then turned their attention to the colonial governor. The rebels marched on Jamestown and burned it to the ground. This rebellion is often cited as an early example of populist uprising in America.
(1688) In England, Bloodless overthrow of King James II that ended the Dominion of New England and established William and Mary as the new leaders.
(1730 - 1760) Religious revival in the colonies; new protestant churches established; Jonathan Edwards, George Whitefield.
He Preached the severe, predeterministic doctrines of Calvinism during the Great Awakening. Speech: "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God"
During the Great Awakening, he preached a Christianity based on emotionalism and spirituality, which today is most clearly manifested in Southern evangelism.
(1700s) When more than 15,000 Puritans journeyed to Massachusetts to escape religious persecution and economic hard times
King Philip's War
(1675-1676) War between the Native American tribes of New England and British colonists that took place from 1675-1676. The war was the result of tension caused by encroaching white settlers. The chief of the Wampanoags, Metacomet (King Philip) lead the natives. The war ended Indian resistance in New England and left a hatred of whites.
King William's War
(1689 - 1697) War against French and Native Americans on the Canadian border/frontiers of northern New England and New York. First in a series of colonial struggles between England and France. AKA the War of the League of Augsburg.
(1637) Conflict between English settlers and Pequot Indians over control of land and trade in eastern Connecticut.
Salem witchcraft trials
(1691-1692) Hysterical trials in Salem, Massachusetts where people were accused of "witchcraft".
The starving time
(1609-1610) In Jamestown, winter where the shortage of food caused some settlers to resort to cannibalism, and others to abandon the settlement and join Indian tribes.
(1739) Slave rebellion, app. 20 slaves met near the Stono River outside of Charleston, South Carolina. They stole guns/ammo and freed more slaves, now about 100 rebels. They fled to Florida, but the colonial militia caught up with them. Those captured were executed. Caused the colonies to pass stricter laws to govern the behavior of slaves.
Some monarchs who believed the government's power came from god.
Puritans who wanted to reform the Anglican church from within.
American public official, writer, scientist, and printer. After the success of his Poor Richard's Almanac (1732-1757), he entered politics and played a major part in the American Revolution. He negotiated French support for the colonists, signed the Treaty of Paris (1783), and helped draft the Constitution (1787-1789). His numerous scientific and practical innovations include the lightning rod, bifocal spectacles, and a stove.
Born in England, she was banished from Massachusetts (1673) and fled to Rhode Island, established Portsmouth. She challenged the principles of Massachusetts's religious and political system.
Those aboard the Mayflower who created a "body politic" and a basic legal system for the colony: The Mayflower Compact.
a Powhatan woman (the daughter of Powhatan) who befriended the English at Jamestown and is said to have saved Captain John Smith's life (1595-1617)
Indian chief and founder of the Powhatan confederacy of tribes in eastern Virginia.
People who wanted to purify the corrupt Anglican church, many came to found colonies.
Sir Walter Raleigh
(1552?-1618) English courtier, navigator, colonizer, and writer. A favorite of Elizabeth I, he introduced tobacco and the potato to Europe. He sponsored Roanoke, "The Lost Colony".
Puritan group that wanted to separate from the English church. They founded Plymouth and sailed aboard the Mayflower.
English explorer who helped found the colony at Jamestown, Virginia.
English clergyman and colonist who was expelled from Massachusetts for criticizing Puritanism. He founded Providence in 1636 and obtained a royal charter for Rhode Island in 1663.
colony approved by the king to settle
The area around jamestown, named after the bay.
First permanent English settlement in North America.
The lower south
Area that included the Carolinas and Georgia; concentrated on such cash crops as tobacco and rice.
Massachusetts Bay Colony
Colony established by Congregationalists (Puritans), Led by Governor John Winthrop.
New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, these colonies had more land and focused primarily on farming.
These colonies centered on trade. Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut.
Dominion of New England
(1686) The British government combined the colonies of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, and Connecticut into a single province headed by a royal governor (Andros). Ended in 1692, when the colonists revolted and drove out Governor Andros.
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
First Constitution written in America - limited the governor's power in Connecticut, allowed non church members to vote.
A document of the Puritan church that allowed all children whose parents had been baptized to be baptized. But those who hadn't experienced God's grace couldn't vote (Halfway).
Maryland Toleration Act
Act that was passed in Maryland that guaranteed toleration to all Christians, regardless of sect but not to those who did not believe in the divinity of Jesus. Though it did not sanction much tolerance, the act was the first seed that would sprout into the first amendment, granting religious freedom to all.
Document that the Pilgrims signed for self governance. It created a legal authority and assembly.
Acts passed by Britain that required the colonists to buy goods only from England, to sell certain products only to England, and to import any non-English goods via English ports and pay a duty on those imports.