anatomoy quiz myology

95 terms by JTAYLORDIFS 

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vocabulary only

abdomino-pelvic septum

same as the phrenic or diaphragm

abduction

- the process of moving a body part away from the mid line of the body

adduction

the process of moving a body part toward the mid line of the body

adductor brevis muscle

one of the medial femoral muscles in the adductor group

adductor longus muscle

one of the medial femoral muscles in the adductor group medial border of femoral triangle

adductor magnus muscle

one of the medial femoral muscles in the adductor group point where popiteal muscle begins

anterior tibial artery

formed by a bifurcation of the popiteal artery at the popiteal muscle

arch of the aorta

extension of ascending aorta has three brancheso the brachiocephalic innominate, left common carotid and left subclavian continudes to become the descending thorasic aorta

ascending aorta

the aorta that begins at the aortic value becomes the arch of the aorta has two branches the coronary arteries

ascending pharyngeal artery

one of the arteries branching from the external carotid artery goes to the pharynxg

atrial septum

the wall between the two atriums of the heart in the fetus there is hole in the wall that must close after birth

axillary artery

extension of the subclavian begins at the 1st rib and ends at he tendon to the terres major muscle becomes the brachial

brachial artery

extension of the axillary begins at the tendon of the terres major muscles bifurcates at the fossa elbow radial and ulna

buccinator

trumpeter muscle in the face - the cheeks

cheek

zygomaticus

circumduction

ability to do a 360 degree motion

common carotid arteries

right side branch of the bracheocephalic and left side branch of the arch of the aorta bifurcates into the internal and external carotid

common facial artery

- branch of the external carotid provides blood to face

connective tissue

- basic type of tissue - bone, tendons, fascia, cartilage, ligaments, adipose, blood and lymph

coronary arteries

branches of the ascending aorta right and left to the heart

coronary sinus

vein that drains the heart muscle

corrugator

frontal bone muscle for frowning

deltoid

- triangle shaped muscle of shoulder

depth

same as central -used in reference to organs or vessels in body

descending abdominal aorta

- alternative name for abdominal aorta

descending thoracic aorta

continuation of the arch of the aorta that becomes the abdominal

dorsalis pedis artery

- artery on the superior part of the foot extension of the anterior tibial artery becomes the arcuate

endocardium

inside layer layer of the heart

epicardium

outside layer of the heart

epicranius

- same as the occipitofrontalis

epithelial tissue

- linings and coverings of the body - produces secretions to lubricate and protect surface

extension

cause the body part to extend or straightout increase the angle

extensor

same as extension - cause the body part to extend or straight out increase the angle

external oblique

abdomen an antero-lateral muscle outer most layer

external pterygoid

one of the pterygoid muscles - muscle of mastification the mandible external

fascia

a type of connective tissue

femoral artery

- extension of the external iliac at the inquinal ligament that connects to the popitela at the adductus major muscle goes through hunter's canal

flexion

same as flexor bending a body part - lesson reduce decrease an angle

gastrocnemius muscle

muscle of posterior lower leg calf attached by Achilles tendon

gluteus maximus

lower extremity - hips biggest muscle in hips

gracilis

- one of the medial femoral muscles in the adductor group

inguinal ligament

- landmark where external inguinal artery becomes femoral

insertion

is the moveable or distal end of a muscle - the part that moves when contracted

internal oblique

abdominal the second layer of antero-lateral mucles run at an angle to medial line

lateral pterygoid

one the pterygoid muscles - muscles of mastification mandible lateral

lateral rectus

- lateral muscle of the eye

latissimus dorsi

largest muscle of trunk, broadest muscle of back

ligaments

fibrous connective tissue stabilize diarthritic joint - help hold two bones in position

lower extremity

- leg

masseter muscle

another of the chewing muscles at the zygomatic arch and mandible

mediastinum

the space in the thoracic cavity between the lungs for the heart and other organs

mesencephalon

the mid-brain

muscle tissue

three types , skeleton - striated, visceral - smooth, combination - cardiac

mycology

- the study of fungus

myocardium

the muscle of the heart

myology

- study of muscles

nephron

- the functional unit of the kidney found in the cortex and medulla composed of renal corpulse and renal tube

nervous tissue

one of four basic types of tissue of the body - makes up the nerves of the body

neuron

a single nerve cell composed of three parts cell body, dendrites and axons, primary building block of nerve system

orbicularis oculi

spinchter muscle of the eye

orbicularis oris

spinchter muscle of the mouth

origin

- in muscles the point of attachment of a muscle that does not move

osteocyte

- bone cell

osteology

study of bones

pectoralis major

- anterior chest wall close to surface

periosteum

the membrane that makes the bones slippery

phrenic muscle

same as the diaphragm

platysma

- the large broad flat muscle of the neck

popliteal artery

the artery that is extension of the femur and becomes the anterior and postiteio tibial artery

posterior auricular artery

an extension of the external carotid providing blood supply behind the ear

posterior tibial artery

an extensionof the popitela artery goes down the back of the leg ad bbifurcates into the medial and lateral plantar arteries give branch to the peroneal artery

pronator

- same as pronation turn the palms over from the anatomical position palms face down

psoas major

- inside back wall of the behind the organs land mark for the point for bifurcation of the iguinal artery

psoas minor

- inside back wall of the behind the organs psoas major muscle land mark for the point for bifurcation of the iguinal artery

quadratus labii superioris

- same as the levlator labii superioris - sneer muscle elevates upper lip

quadriceps femoris

- part of the anterior femoral muscles composed of four parts - rectus, vastus lateralis, vestus medialis, vestus intermidus

radial artery

lateral artery of the forearm - extension of the bracial and becomes the deep polmar

rectus abdominis

abdomen anterior medial muscle

renal arteries

- paired arteries to the kidneys from the abdominal aorta

right atrium

chamber of the heart where systemic circulation ends - superior vena cava, inferior vena cava and coronary sinus all empty here

right ventricle

where pulmonary circulation begins

risorius

facial muscle produes false smile

rotation

- turn on an axis, turn head side to side

sacrospinalis

- same as erector spinae - part of the back keeps spine straight

sartorius muscle

- also called the tailor muscle lateral side of the femoral triangle

soleus

part of the posterior leg muscles

sternocleidomastoid

- the muscle on either side of the neck location for the common carotid

subclavian artery

on the left side branch of the arch of aorta, on the right side an extension of the brachiocephalic becomes the axillary on both sides

supinator

same as supination turns the palm face up to the anatomical position

syndesmology

the study of ligaments

tendons

the part of the muscles that attaches the belly of the muscle to fixed point origin or insertion point moveable

transversus

crosswise, laying across the long axis of the body or part

trapezius

back outermost layer back of shoulders and neck- moves in two directions

vastus lateralis

- thigh anterior femoral part of the quadricipes femoris

visceral pericardium

same as the epicardium -outer layer of the heart

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