How many college students drink alcohol?
heavy alcohol consumption of 3 or more drinks 3 times in 2 weeks.
are 16 times more likely to miss class and 8 times more likely to get behind in school work.
Ethyl Alcohol or Ethanol
what gets you drunk in drinks.
process of yeast organisms breaking down plant sugars to create ethanol.
the measure of the % of alcohol in a drink; the proof given is always half the amount of alcohol.
Blood Alcohol Concentration
the total ratio of alcohol to blood volume.
Alcohol is mostly absorbed where?
What percent of your alcohol is absorbed by your small intestine.
Body Fat, Body Weight, and Gender
Name three things that affect BAC.
How much alcohol does our body metabolize an hour?
Immediate effects of alcohol consumption
Depression of the CNS, irritation of mucous membranes throughout the body, and hangovers are all what?
a form of alcohol which is metabolized at a slower rate; more of the toxic ingredient that affect the body.
Depression of respiratory system, suffocation from vomit, weak rapid pulse, irregular breath patterns, etc. are all signs of what?
Women have half the amount of these that men have to help break down alcohol.
On average, women's BAC is how much higher than mens?
The Nervous System
alcohol permanently damaging the brain is a long term affect of alcohol on what?
when alcohol weakens the hearts ability to pump and the body's needs aren't met, alcohol is affecting what system?
this is affected by alcohol consumption and can result in cirrhosis.
Alcoholics are 10 times more likely to die from some sort of this than a non drinker.
this is affected from the moment the alcohol enters until it leaves.
What is the average life expectancy of an alcoholic?
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
a child born with some type of defect because the mother choose to drink during pregnancy.
Fetal Alcohol Effects
what is seen when a child is born and the mother drank during pregnancy?
what percent of teens smoke?
each day how many new cigarette users are acquired?
what is the single most preventable cause of death in the US?
Women and Children
who are the tobacco company's main target for new smokers?
smoking among college students has what?
Nicotine is a what?
is a condensed particulate matter from smoke that accumulates in the lungs; leads to lung cancer.
chemical irritants in smoke that combine with other chemicals to contribute to development of Lung caner.
this structures cleaning function is impaired from the nicotine in cigarettes and can lead to emphysema.
this is 800 times higher in tobacco smoke than the safe level approved by the USEPA; it is also the most dangerous gas a smoker inhales.
are 40% ground cloves and 60% tobacco; they contain more tar and nicotine and CO2 than regular cigarettes.
contain 23 poisons, 43 carcinogens, and double the chances of heart disease and stroke.
small hand rolled flavored cigarettes; they produce 3 times more CO2 and nicotine and 5 times more tar than regular cigarettes.
characterized by white patches inside the mouth from chewing tobacco.
Coronary Heart Disease
most widespread single cause of death for smokers; adds 10 years of aging to the arteries.
malfunction of blood when trying to clot.
smoke that is drawn through tobacco while inhaling.
smoke that comes from the burning end of a cigarette or exhaled smoker.
Involuntary or Passive Smokers
breath smoker's smoke.
a chemical substance which affects the way you function and feel.
They resemble naturally produced chemicals in our body.
how do drugs work?
drugs that alter mood and behavior.
drugs given with a doctors permission
over the counter drugs; no prescription needed.
illegal drugs used as a form of entertainment.
illegal or against the law.
what is the slowest method of taking drugs?
drugs go strait into the brain.
drugs go straight into the muscles.
drugs placed directly under the skin.
drugs such as marijuana or pipes are taken through what?
drugs that are absorbed through the skin.
medication placed in your rectum.
not using a drug for it's intended purpose.
using a drug in excess.
when a drug becomes a habitual reliance to continue functioning.
are illegal to produce, possess, or sell.
Schedule I Drug
has the highest potential for abuse and no medical purpose.
Schedule II - V
lower potential in risk and have medical purpose.
cocaine and amphetamines are both examples of what?
the most addictive drug on the market; will cause alertness and hallucinations; will also cause decrease in appetite.