US History: The Cold War at Home (Ch 18;3)

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McDougal Littell The Americans The Cold War at Home Chapter 18, Section 3

Alger Hiss

A former State Department official who was accused of being a Communist spy for the Soviet Union.

Ethel and Julius Rosenberg

Minor activists in the American Communist Party eventually executed after numerous pleas to save their lives.

McCarthynism

Term used to describe Senator Joesph McCarthy's anti-communist smear tactics. The term was also used to describe other people suspected of being communists in the Early 1950s.

H-bomb

the hydrogen bomb - a thermonuclear weapon much more powerful than the Atomic bomb

Dwight D. Eisenhower

President during h-bomb and during policy of brinkmanship

brinkmanship

the practice of threatening an enemy with massive military retaliation for any aggression. Could also be defined as the policy of pushing a dangerous situation to the brink of disaster (to the limits of safety)

CIA (Central Intelligence Agency)

was/is a agency designed to gather facts about possible threats to the U.S. It provided America with information about the Soviets and other communist nations.

Warsaw Pact

a military alliance formed in 1955 by the Soviet Union and its Eastern Europe satellites.

HUAC

The House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) was an investigating committee which investigated what it considered un-American propaganda. Investigated movie industry.

blacklist

a list of 500 actors, writers; producers; and directors who were not allowed to work on Hollywood flims b/c of the alleged Communist connections

Hollywood Ten

Group of people in the film industry who were jailed for refusing to answer congressional questions regarding Communist influence in Hollywood

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