The People of God in the OT
Qahal (lhq) - ―assembly of the Lord‖
Ekklesia appears to be an
the people of God, especially the gathered people or assembly.
The Church in the NT
2.1. kuriakon (kuriako.n) -
adjective of kupios, meaning ―belonging to the Lord
translates the Hebrew qahal ...has a range of meaning, e.g., assembly, meeting. It refers to church universal and local, though it primarily refers to the local assembly. It develops ―from the simple non-technical meaning of assembly to the full-blown designation for the Christian people of God‖
Matthew 16 on church (adapted from Patterson notes)
The Lord of the Church (v.16)
The Legacy of the Church (v.18)
The Liturgy of the Church (v. 19)
Three Promises Matthew 16 (vv.18-19)
The Promise of Progress - ―I will build...
The Promise of Perpetuity - ―...will not prevail...
The Promise of Power - ―keys‖ - power to transform lives
Development in the Epistles
Further definition of mission; further description and development of governance.
The Church Visible and Invisible
While we see those who claim to be followers of Christ, only God sees the hearts of men and truly knows all those that compose the Church. It is inevitable the visible church will include some unbelievers.
The Nature of the Church (Grudem).
The church is the community of all true believers for all time‖
Authority - Roman Catholic church
Salvation - through works and sacraments
Sacraments - give salvation; child baptism, transubstantiation
Authority - Church +Bible
Salvation - grace
Sacraments - baptism, Eucharist
Authority - Lutheran churches have been organized on Episcopal (bishops), congregational, and Presbyterian (elected hierarchy) models.
Sacraments - not transubstantiation but consubstantiation, infant baptism
Sacraments - Infant baptism
The Building of God - Eph 2:19-22
A Spiritual House - 1 Peter 2:1-12
Temple of the Holy Spirit - 1 Cor 3:16; 6:19
Bride and Bridegroom
Augsburg Confession (1530)
- The church is ―the congregation of saints in which the gospel is rightly taught and the sacraments rightly administered‖ (Art 7).
Calvin on the Church
Wherever we see the Word of God purely preached and heard, and the sacraments administered according to Christ's institution, there, it is not doubted, a church of God exists‖ (Institutes 4.1.9).
Four ―notes‖ of the church
\- one, holy, catholic, apostolic