error in meiosis in which homologous chromosomes fail to separate
error in meiosis in which a part of DNA from a chromosome is lost
error on meiosis in which the order of the genes in a section of a chromosome is reversed and reattached to the same chromosome
error in meiosis in which a part of chromosome is repeated
error on meiosis in which the order of the genes in a section of a chromosome is reversed and reattached to a different chromosome
mutation that occurs in the gametes, can't affect the organism but can be passed to its offspring
somatic cell mutation
mutation that occurs in the skin cell, can affect the organism but can't be passed to its offspring
a mutation that causes death
a mutation that gives way for nondisjunction, deletion, inversion, duplication, or translocation
a mutation in the sequence of the bases in a gene
changes the structure of the polypeptide that the gene codes for
a mutation in which one or just a few nucleotides in a gene are changed
a mutation that affects a single nucleotide by substituting one nucleotide for another one
a mutation that affects the reading frame because of an addition or subtraction of a nucleotide
human genome project
a research effort to sequence and locate the entire collection of genes in human cells
DNA produced by combining DNA from different sources
using bacteria to make multiple copies of a gene
found in bacterial cells, but are not part of the bacterial cell's necessary DNA
single-stranded ends formed when restriction enzyme cuts DNA
enzyme that cuts DNA at a specific sequence of nucleotides
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