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Vocabulary

sectionalism

regional loyalty

tariff

a tax on goods brought into a country

states' rights

the idea that the states rather than the federal government should have the final authority over their own affairs

free state

a state that did not allow slavery before the Civil War

slave state

a state that allowed slavery before the Civil War

emancipation

the freeing of enslaved peoples

resist

to act against

code

a set of laws

fugitive

a person who is running away from something

underground

done in secret

abolitionist

a person who wanted to end slavery

equality

equal rights

secede

to leave

confederacy

the group of eleven states that left the union

retreat

to fall back

border state

during the Civil War a state such as Kentucky, Delaware, Maryland, Missouri, where unsure which side to take

strategy

a careful plan

casualty

a person who has been killed or wounded

address

a formal speech

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