Kamien Part 4 Classical

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Classical Era

An emphasis on balance and clarity of structures may be found in which period of music?

Classical

One way in which music from the classical era differs from the Baroque is that...

there is a fluctuation in mood

Classical melodies sound balanced because

they are made up of two phrases of the same length

The piano began to be widely used by

1775

In the classical orchestra, which section was considered the most important?

strings

A classical form written in 2-4 movements for one or two instruments is called:

a sonata

Joseph Haydn was content to spend most of his life

serving a wealthy aristocratic family.

In the classical period, comic operas sometimes

ridiculed the aristocracy

Haydn's contract of employment shows that he was considered

a skilled servant

Social mobility during the classical period was

an important factor in the rise of the middle class

Vienna in 1800

was the fourth-largest city in Europe, had a population of almost 250,000, and was the seat of the Holy Roman Empire

In Vienna, Haydn and Mozart

became close friends

In the classical period, serious composition was flavored by

folk and popular music

The prospering middle class in the classical period sought aristocratic luxuries such as

theater, literature, and music

The Concert des Amateurs, an organization in Paris devoted to presenting public concerts, was conducted in the 1770s by

the Chevalier de Saint-Georges

Sonata form should be viewed as

a set of principles that serve to shape and unify contrasts of theme and key

In the exposition of a sonata-form movement

the second theme is in a new key

\Sonata form is used frequently as the form for the ________ movement of a multi-movement work.

fast, slow, and final fast

In the recapitulation of a sonata-form movement

all the principal material is in the tonic key

At the end of a classical exposition there usually is a

repeat sign

Theme-and-variations form may be schematically outlined as

AA'A''A'''A''''

Each successive variation in a theme with variations

retains some elements of the theme

The ________ movement of Haydn's Surprise Symphony is in theme-and-variations form.

second

The minuet is generally the _____ movement of a classical symphony.

third

The minuet as a whole may be outlined as

AABB

In many of Beethoven's works, there is a _________ movement instead of the minuet.

scherzo

The minuet first appeared around 1650 as a(n)

dance at the court of Louis XIV of France

The character of the minuet is best described as

stately and dignified

The scherzo differs from the minuet in that it

moves more quickly

As is typical in classical music, the double bass part in Mozart's Eine kleine Nachtmusik

sounds an octave lower than the cello part

Because of its character, the rondo most often serves as a

finale

A common rondo pattern is

ABCBA

The main theme of the rondo

is usually in the tonic key

Another common rondo pattern is

ABACABA

The rondo was used

as late as the twentieth century

Symphony may be defined as a(n)

musical composition for orchestra, usually in four movements, sonata for orchestra, and extended, ambitious composition exploiting the expanded range of tone color and dynamics

The usual order of movements in a classical symphony is

fast, slow, dance-related, fast.

The first movement of a classical symphony is almost always fast, and in _______________ form.

sonata

ABA form is typical of the minuet or scherzo movement and is also common in the

slow movement.

A symphony is unified partly by the use of the same

key in three of its movements

Classical chamber music is designed

for the intimate setting of a small room

The classical string quartet is a musical composition for

two violins, viola, and cello

The most important form in classical chamber music is the

string quartet

The piano trio is a musical composition for

violin, cello, and piano

The usual order of movements in a classical string quartet is

fast, slow, minuet or scherzo, fast

A major factor that distinguishes chamber music from the symphony or concerto is that chamber music

is performed by one player per part

Along with his symphonies, Haydn's _____________ are considered his most important works.

string quartets

Haydn's duties while in the service of the Esterházys included

composing all the music requested by his patron, conducting the orchestra, coaching the singers for operatic performances

Which of the following is not a characteristic of Haydn's music?

There are few changes in texture and orchestration.

Haydn's Trumpet Concerto in E Flat Major is performed today by the

valve trumpet

By the age of six, Mozart could

play the harpsichord and violin, improvise fugues and write minuets, read music perfectly at sight

Don Giovanni, in Mozart's opera of that name, is

the legendary Spanish lover

Mozart's Symphony No. 40

is in G minor

Mozart's finest German opera was

The Magic Flute

Mozart was born in

Salzburg, Austria

Which of the following statements is not true about the late eighteenth-century fortepiano?

it weighed the same as the modern piano

Beethoven's late works, composed after he was totally deaf, include

piano sonatas, string quartets, and the Ninth Symphony

Beethoven greatly expanded the _____________ section of the sonata-form movement and made it more dramatic.

development

The choral finale of Beethoven's Ninth Symphony is based on

Schiller's Ode to Joy

Beethoven's sixteen __________ are generally considered among the greatest music ever composed.

string quartets

One of the most famous rhythmic ideas in music is the short-short-short-long motive found in Beethoven's

5th Symphony

T/f. The size of the classical orchestra increased during the classical era to include 4 distinct sections.

True.

What was the main theme of the classical era?

Homophonic but with frequent shifts

What is another name for sonata form?

sonata-allegro form

Composers in the classical era borrowed ____ for their melodies and they were _____.

popular tunes; easy to remember

What part of the sonata for is known as the first sections and is usually repeated?

exposition

The resolution of tension in the sonata is known as the...

Recapitulation

What is at the end of a sonata form?

coda

What is a theme broken into?

motives

What is the classical form of movements?

Fast, slow, dance related, fast

What are the 4 sections of the classical symphony called?

strings, woodwinds, brass, and percusion

Beethoven replaced the name Bonaparte on his 3rd symphony with..

Eroica

What two composers wrote in all classical genres?

Beethoven and Mozart

Beethoven was financially successful as a..

freelance musician

Which composer completed his work mentally and never used a book for writing music?

Mozart

What was the name of Beethoven's only opera?

Fidelio

Who did Mozart work for in Vienna?

the archbishop

At age 8 Joseph Hadyn...

was sent to Vienna as a choir boy

Classical chamber music used ___ to ___ instruments.

4; 9

The classical concert is work for..

the orchestra and the soloist

A concerto has _____ movements.

3

IN classical music the idea is generally presented and then..

repeated

IN the minuet and trio each ternary part by itself is ___

ternary

What is this: Features a tuneful main theme which returns over and over and the main theme alternate other contrasting themes..

rondo

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