A small amount of DNA that is located in the mitochondria of cells. Mitochondrial DNA is inherited only through the mother.
any living or extinct member of the family Hominidae
Australopithecus anamensis was found here. The remains of "Turkana Boy" were found here.
industry in Africa which dates between 1.7 million and approximately 200,000 years ago, characteristic tool being the bifacial
Stone tool industry from the Lower Paleolithic; characterized by large bifacial tools (flaked on both sides)
A radiometric dating technique that uses the decay of radioactive argon into stable argon gas. Can be used to date smaller samples and volcanic rock with greater accuracy than K/Ar dating.
Model that uses DNA comparisons to estimate the length of time that two species have been evolving independently
the study of the aligment of magnetic minerals in rock, specifically as it realtes to the reversal of Earth's magnetic poles, also the magnetic properties that rock acquires during formation
thick brow ridges, long, flat braincase, angular occipital, small teeth/ modern limb proportions.
Homo erectus in Africa.
a manuscript (usually written on papyrus or parchment) on which more than one text has been written with the earlier writing incompletely erased and still visible
English paleontologist whose account of fossil discoveries in Tanzania changed theories of human evolution (1903-1972)
Discovered Homo Erectus in Indonesia.
Dutchmen discovered cranium java. Pithecanthropus.
Discovered in 2001 in Kenya by Meave Leakey and had ear structures similar to chimpanzees, a small brain, and had facial features that resembled genus Homo
The Earliest Humanlike Creature That Flourished in Eastern and Southern Africa 3 to 4 Million Years Ago
a gorge in northeastern Tanzania where anthropologists have found some of the earliest human remains
extinct species of upright east African hominid having some advanced humanlike characteristics
the tool industry characterized by simple core and flake tools. Associated with Homo habilis.
The first stone tool industry beginning between 2.5 and 2.6 million years ago
the tool industry found among Neanderthals in Europe and Southeast Asia, and their human contemporaries in northern Africa, during the Middle Paleolithic, generally dating from about 40,000 to 125,000 years ago
Hominin Tribe (below subfamily) that includes humans and bipedal fossils like Australopithecus and Paranthropus. Also called hominid.
piltdown man; orangutans jaw and the human skull
one of te earliest-known members of the hominin lineage, dating to 7 million years ago
A resupply base for field units and location for headquarters of brigade or division size units, artillery batteries and air field. Also known as the rear area.
found part of the skeleton of an early hominid and named it Lucy
(biology) the sequence of events involved in the evolutionary development of a species or taxonomic group of organisms
Species characterized by massive molars and muscles for chewing, dating from 2.5 to 1.4 million years ago. Vegetarian/Plant diet.
"Lucy," found at Laetoli, Tanzenia, and Hadar, Ethiopia; footprints evidence of bipedality; wrist adapted to tree climbing; cranial capacity 375-500 cc; lived 3.7-3.5 mya
region of Ethiopia where the Gona site is located, with the oldest-known stone tools found dating back to 2.5 million years ago
a supposedly primitive man later proven to be a hoax
extinct species of primitive hominid with upright stature but small brain
used to date charcoal, bones, shells;
A substance that can be measured to find out the ages of ancient objects
site for oldest african h.erectus; possible use of fire here
Of or relating to a prehistoric human culture widespread throughout North America from about 12,000 to 9,000 B.C., distinguished by sharp fluted projectile points made of chalcedony or obsidian.
an island in Indonesia south of Borneo
Australian born working in Africa who found the Tuang Child, attempts to explain behavior of early austropithecines.
The study of human origins and evolution.
east africa, 3.5 mya, trails of footprints of at least 2 homonids, chronometric dating, bipedal
The earliest Upper Paleolithic period. Aurignacian industries have been found on sites across Europe and the Middle East