test 2: Ma study guide for cma

74 terms by jlilly413

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7. antefebrile means

before fever

9. an "antipyretic" is an agent that works against

Fever

14. A nerve that carries an impulse toward the brain is a/an

Afferent nerve

15. Levels of organization of the body range from atomic to organismic. This is the basic structure unit of the body?

Cell

16. A word used to indicate the splitting open of a wound is

dehiscence

17. the scar left by a healed wound is an

Cicatrix

18. A bluish discoloration of the skin is

Cyanoderma

26. a word that means "incision into the skull" is

craniotomy

31. inflammation of the middle ear is

otitis media

41. the part of the urinary tract that collects urine is the

renal pelvis

46. macrodactylia means

Very large fingers or toes

47. Diathermy means

generating heat through tissues

50. symptoms indicating an approaching disease are its

prodrome

51. macroglossia means

large tongue

58. as a suffix, -clysis means

Irrigation

61. Diplo- is a comingin form that means

Double

62. A combining form that means "lip"is

Cheilo-

63 kinesio- is a combining form that means

movement

72. Xanth/o is used in medical terms to represent the color

Yellow

73 Hidro- is a combining form that means

Sweat

74. the word that best describes the putting together of simpler compoinds derived from nutrients into living organized materials useable by the body cells is

Anabolism

77. colp/o is a combining form that means

vagina

78 Necr/o is a combining form that refers to

Death

79 Ectopic is a term used to mean

misplaced

81 Crypt/o is a combining form that means

Hidden

82. An oncologist is concerned with

Tumors

83.a word that means "prolapse of organs" is

Visceroptosis

84. A medical term that means "blushing" is

Erythroderma

87. An abnormal lack of appetite results in

Anorexia

91. a word that means "self-destructing"is

Autolysis

93 "retrosternal" means

behind the sternum

95. Low blood sugar is

Hypoglycemia

96. The prefix con-means

With

97 The prefix dis- means

free of

104 Those parts farthest from the midsagittal plane are

Lateral

107 Caudal is synonymous with the term

Inferior

109 The body is divided into right and left sides by which of the following planes

Sagittal

111 "Retinoid" means

Resembling the retina

119 A vasotomy is an incision into the

vas deferens

122 Cycl/o- is a combining form for

ciliary body

123 Plastic surgery of the pupil is

Coreoplasty

124 "lacrimal" is a medical term that means pertaining to

Tears

127 The cornea is

Transparent

134 The ileum is the

distal portion of the small intestine

135 Varicella is commonly called

chickenpox

136 Herpetic stomatitis is a medical term for a condition commonly callded

Cold sore

139 The lay term for "urticaria" is

Hives

140 The lay term for "epidemic parotitis" is

Mumps

143 A suffix that means "without opening" is

-atresia

148 A suffix that refers to the body is

-some

149 A suffix meaning "to trun or to change" is

-tropia

151 The finest guage of suture material is referred to as

11-0

152 A type of suture in which the surgeon ties each stitch separately is called

Interrupted

156 Gigantism, acromegaly, and dwarfism are caused by

Disturbances of the endocrine system

157 Of the following, an example of a malignant osteogenic tumor is

Osteosarcoma

158 Abnormal hardness of bone is

Osteosclerosis

160 The surgical breaking of bone is called

Osteoclasis

164 The bones that form the cheeks are called

Zygomatic or malar bones

165 The number of cervical vertebrae is

7

170 Aponeuroses are

Flattened tendons attaching muscles

182 A chronic disease characterized by muscular weakness and frequently affecting the face and throat is

Myasthenia gravis

183 An example of a chondyloid joint that permits a variety of movements in different direction is

Finger and toe joints

186 A paralysis caused by a brain lesion, such as a tumor, or most commonly by a CVA is

Hemiplegia

188 An irreversible coma is also known as a

Brain death

190 The surgical joining of nerve ends is called

Neuroanastomosis

191 Meniere's disease is

An auditory nerve disorder

192 An example of a superficial reflex is the

Plantar reflex

193 A disease that may cause change in the shaped of the valvular cusps of the heart and a consequenst murmur is

Endocarditis

200 From the right ventricle of the heart blood is forced into the

Pulmonary artery

2. The suffix -phagia means

Eating

3. Onycho- is a combining form that means

Nail

4. Coreo- is a combining form that means

Pupil

49.Surgical crushing of a nerve is

Neurotripsy

166. The xiphoid process is part of the

sternum

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