Humanitie greece

131 terms by simpsona 

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Odysseus

main character, fought in trojan war, greek, king of ithaca

telemachus

prince of ithaca, odysseus' and penelope's son

penelope

queen of ithaca, wife of odysseus, faithful

laertes

odysseus' father, loyal,

eurycleia

old nurse to odysseus

Anticlea

odysseus' mother

suitors

took over odysseus' house, courted penelope

antinuous

main suitor, killed by odysseus

eurymachus

2nd main suitor, killed by odysseus

polyphemus

blinded by odysseus, poseidons son

poseidon

god of the sea, enemy of odysseus

zeus

god of gods, supports odysseus

athena

daughter of zeus, helps odysseus with his journey

Hermes

messenger god, guides dead souls to underworld

hades

king of the underworld

calypso

nymph that held odysseus on ogygia for 7 years

circe

nymph that turned odysseus' men into pigs, odysseus stayed there for over a year then his men told him to leave.
circe became his guide

achilles

commander of myrmidons, achean hero that died at troy, armor given to odysseus

ajax

after not getting achilles armor he went crazy and killed all cattle then killed himself

Tiresias

blind seer of thebes, tells future to odysseus from the underworld

Aeolus

god of winds. gave odysseus bag of winds

Helios

sun god. cattle killed by odysseus' men

fates

determined mans life

heracles

son of zeus, hero of labors. divided life between underworld and olumpus

tantalus

forever doomed to eternal thirst and hunger

agamemnon

greek warrior, at home was killed by wife and clytemnestra

clytemnestra

agamemnons wife, killed him with lover

orestes

son of agamemnon and clytemnestra. killed moms lover

persephone

queen of underworld, daughter of demeter

elpenor

fell of circes roof and died, talked to odysseus in underworld

cerberus

3 headed guard dog of the underworld

king alcinous

king of phaeacians, sent odysseus home

queen arete

queen of phaeacians

princess nausicaa

daughter of alcinous and arete

lotus eaters

eat lotus(drug) keep odysseus' men

demordicus

bling singer of the phaeacians

ino

once a mortal now nymph of sea

nestor

king of pylains

meneleus

king of lacedamon. husband of helen. brother to agamemnon

eurylochus

kin of odysseus, 2nd in command

phaecians

inhabitants of phaeacia/ scheria

argos

loyal dog of odysseus

supplication

begging or prayer

in medias res

in the middle

foil characters

opposites

parallel characters

same

elysium fields

where heros go in the underworld

tantarus

lowest place beath the earth. place for punishment

polytrops

many sides

nector and ambrosia

food and drinks of the gods

prophecy

tell future

stealth

secret

enthralled

to capture/ charm

gorging

small canyon

thwart

to prevent/ frustrate

indignation

strong displeasure

calypso

to hide

penelope

faithful duck. weaving

antinous

to go against

libations

pouring wine out to the gods

eagle

strong, graceful, odysseus and zeus

forest

confusion

lotus

temptation

clothes

civilized

olive

athena

water

rebirth or purify

grove

hard place

garden

temptation

fire

rebirth or purify

cave

false reality

grapes or wine

power

veil/ threshold

seperation

wind

change

sleep

death

gate

seperation

weaving

trap or women

3 and 7

complete, whole, balance

morning and night

death and rebirth

purple

royal, wealth

blood

sacrafice

hearth

home

seasons

change

trident

poseidon

lyre

apollo

xenia

guest host code

arete

excellence

moria

fate

oikos

family unit

time

prize from war

greek citizenship

free but with limits

acropolis

high city

oligarchy

rule by few

aristocracy

rule by the elite

tyranny

dictator

constitution

composed/ made up

spartan society

based on war

pan-hellenism

idea of a union of all greeks in a single political body

hoplite

armed soliders that faught in a phalanix

helot

slave to spartans

solon

leader of athens, made new laws. look in notes

cleisthenes

democracy

draco

harsh ruler

xerxes

son of darius, leader with largest military

lycurgus

father of sparta

pericles

noble family, athenian leader, victory against persia, reelected many times, died by the plague

darius

king of persia, many wars, built up the largest empire, then died and son xerxes took over

importance of persian war

defining moment for greeks, athens dominating, greeks greatest moment

socrates

greek philosopher, founder of western philosophy, forced to death

plato

student of socrates, greek philosopher and mathmatition

aristotle

student of plato, greek philosopher, taught alexander the great

minos

king minos lived in a large palace where the minotaur lived underneath

crete

largest most populated island in greece with many palaces scattered

palace society of the minoans

many palaces scattered. a minotaur lived under king minos and would take 7 men and 7 women every year

redistributive economy

the king would take all the income from the people and disttribute it evenly

trojan war

10 years, troans vs greeks, gods chose a side

dorians

ansestors of the spartans, invaded the myceneans,

citadel

fortified wall around the polis

polis

city-state

mycenaean society

war-based, no arts, warriors, strong

central authority

a leadership from one place

athens

attica, across from gulf, stopped dorians, inified by kings, many governments, ended up with democracy

sparta

from dorians, based around war, depends on slaves, dominated peloponnesus

solon

takes from the rich and gives to the poor

salamis bay

greeks defeated greatest empire, on the follow up battle spartans and athens came together

marathon

not for glory, athens had little hope of victory, but ended with it

persia

greatest empire before a defeat in athens

knossos

largest bronze age archaeological site

mycenean

war based, bronze age, peloponnese

minoans

art and trade

socrates death

forced to death by currupting the youth

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