first emperor of the Sui Dynasty who reunited northern and southern China
Dynasty that lasted through only two emperors. During this dynasty, the Grand Canal was completed and the Great Wall was rebuilt.
Huang He, Chang Jiang
The Grand Canal connected these two waterways, providing a vital route for trade between northern and southern China
Dynasty that came after the Sui
the Tang emperor who began the achievements of the Tang Dynasty. He reconquered the northern and western lands that China had lost since the decline of the Han Dynasty. He gained power by forcing his father to step aside
Tang empress who was the only woman to assume the title of emperor for herself. She was the ruler during the campaign in Korea
Tang Taizong's original name
an elite group of people who passed the tough civil service exams
Battle of Talas
Battle where Muslims armies soundly defeated the Chinese
Tang capital city that was sacked by Chinese rebels at the end of the dynasty
first emperor of the Song Dynasty
Dynasty after the Tang that never regained lost western or northern lands.
a Manchurian people who conquered northern China and established the Jin Empire
Empire established by the Jurchen, a Manchurian people
a coastal city south of the Chang Jiang that served as the Song capital
an invention that allowed a printer to arrange blocks of individual characters in a frame to make up a page for printing
invention that led to the creation of explosive weapons such as bombs, grenades, small rockets, and cannons
porcelain, the mechanical clock, paper money, magnetic compass for navigation
four Tang/Song inventions other than movable type and gunpowder
mathematical idea that developed during the Tang/Song time
This was imported from Vietnam. It allowed farmers to harvest two rice crops a year instead of just one
after China lost control over these routes during the long Tang decline, Chinese merchants began to rely on ocean trade
the Tang period produced great ______ (art form)
Tang poet who wrote about life's pleasures
Tang poet who praised orderliness and Confucian virtues; he also wrote critically about war and the hardships of soldiers
Chinese _____ reached new heights of beauty during the Song Dynasty. (art form)
painting of the Song Dynasty shows ____ influence
____ ink was the favored paint of the Song artists
a class of powerful, well-to-do people that included scholar-officials and their families
the gentry attained their status through ____ and civil service positions rather than through land ownership
the status of women ____ during the Tang and Song periods
this custom was a sign of the changing status of women
people who herded domesticated animals
portable felt tents in which Asian nomads lived
Mongol clan leader who sought to unify the Mongols under his leadership (original name)
title taken by Temujin, meaning "universal ruler"
a rival people of Temujin who poisoned Temujin's father
organization, strategy, cruelty
three characteristics that lay behind Genghis Khan's success as a conqueror
Genghis Khan died from ____
Khanate of the Great Khan, Khanate of Chagatai, the Ilkhanate, the Khanate of the Golden Horde
the four khanates
Mongolia and China
Location of the Khanate of the Great Khan
location of the Khanate of Chagatai
location of the Ilkhanate
location of the Khanate of the Golden Horde
Mongol Peace; a period of stability and law and order. This allowed safe passage from one end of the empire to another.
grandson of Genghis Khan who succeeded in conquering all of China. He became China's emperor.
Dynasty formed by Kublai Khan in China
place on the border between Mongolia and China where Kublai Khan maintained a beautiful summer palace
Kublai Khan built a new square-walled capital at the site of modern _____.
a ____ upended Mongol ships as they attempted, for the second time, to conquer Japan
"divine wind" that saved Japan from Mongol invasion
Mongols appointed Mongols and _____ to the highest government posts
Kublai Khan restored the Grand Canal and extended it north to ____
Kublai built a paved highway along the Grand Canal that ran from ___ to ___
Venetian trader who visited Kublai Khan's court. He was sent to various Chinese cities on government missions.
During a war against ____, Marco Polo was captured and imprisoned
while in ____, Marco Polo had time to tell the full story of his travels and adventures
Marco Polo told his listeners about the burning of ____ in Chinese homes
Kublai's armies and navies suffered many humiliating defeats in _____ _____
The rebel leader who overthrew the Mongols founded a new dynasty, the ____
Virtually all Mongols observed the practices of traditional ___, rituals in which special individuals visited and influenced the supernatural world.
Mongol dependency on settled regions related primarily to ____ for bridles, stirrups, cart fittings, and weapons
an oasis area east of the Caspian Sea
Genghis Khan's son and successor who put Tanggut and Jin territories under Mongol control
death of Ogodei
Europe would have suffered grave damage in 1241 had not the ___ __ _____ compelled the Mongol forces to suspend their campaign
Great Khan after Ogodei; grandson of Genghis, son of Ogodei
questionable son of Genghis
Muslim name for Beijing
When ___ declared himself Great Khan in 1265, the descendants of Jagadai and other branches of the family refused to accept him.
only battle where the Mongol cavalry met its match against the Mamluk forces.