asexual reproduction

type of reproduction with 1 parent and offspring are genetically identical; examples - binary fission, budding, vegetative

sexual reproduction

type of reproduction with 2 parents and offspring are genetically diverse/different

binary fission

type of asexual reproduction; common in bacteria; cell splits into 2 new cells of equal size that are genetically the same

budding

type of asexual reproduction; common in hydra and yeast; minature version of parent grows genetically the same and separates

vegetative reproduction

type of asexual reproduction; common in plants

mitosis

cell division that takes place in eukaryotic cells; chromosome number stays same; ex: 2n -- 2n; think "toes" since toes are part of your body and mitosis is reproduction of body cells

meiosis

process that leads to formation of genetically different gametes (sex cells like sperm and egg); crossing over happens; chromosome number reduced by half; ex: 2n -- n

fertilization

process where sperm and egg unite during sexual reproduction and form a zygote; ex: n + n = 2n

body cell

any cell that IS NOT a sex cell; ex: skin cell; hair cell; muscle cell; bone cell; wing cell

sex cell

also called gametes; only have single set (n) of chromosomes; used in sexual reproduction during fertilization to form a zygote

gamete

also called sex cell; ex: sperm and egg; have single set (n) of chromosomes

zygote

2n cell that forms after fertilziation when sperm and egg unite

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