aid with digestion, but are not part of the digestive system, they include the liver, gallbladder, and the pancreas.
commonly known as the gums, it is the specialized mucous membrane that surrounds the teeth, covers the bone of the dental aches, and lines the teeth.
is the narrow passage that connects the stomach with the small intestine.
is the ring-like muscle that controls the flow from the stomach to the duodenum.
which the last and longest portion of the small intestine, extends from the jejunum to the cecum of the large intestine.
longest portion of the large intestine and is divided into four parts.
travels upward from the cecum to the undersurface of the liver.
passes horizontally from right to left toward the spleen.
travels down the left side of the abdominal cavity to the sigmoid colon.
is an S shaped structure that continues from the descending colon above and joins with the rectum below.
the widest division of the large intestine, it makes up the last 4 inches of the large intestine and ends at the anus.
is the breaking down of the body cells or substances, releasing energy and carbon dioxide.
is a mass of food that has been chewed and is ready to be swallowed.
is a physician who specializes in disorders of the colon, rectum, and anus.
is any disease of the mouth due to fungus.
is the involuntary grinding or clenching of the teeth.
is the earliest stage of periodontal disease, this inflammation only affects the gums.
aka bad breath, unpleasent odor coming from the mouth.
is difficulty swallowing.
is a condition in which a portion of the stomach protrudes upward in the chest, through an opening in the diaphragm.
is an eating disorder characterized by frequent episodes of binge eating follwed by compensatory behaivors such as self-induced vomiting or the misuse of laxatives, diuretics, or other medications.
aka vomiting, is the reflec ejection of the stomach contents through the mouth.
is the return of swallowed food into the mouth.
is a small pouch or sac occurring in the lining or wall of a tubular organ such as the colon.
is the partial or complete blockage of the small and/or large intestine.
is the twisting of the intestine on itself that causes an obstruction, that occurs in INFANCY/
is the protrusion of a small loop of bowel through a weak place in the lower abdominal wall or groin.
aka food poisoning, is a rare but serious condition transmitted through contamintaed food or through an infected wound.
is a yellow discoloration of the skin, mucous membranes, and the eyes. This condition is caused by greather than normal amounts of bilirubin in the blood.
is an abnormal accumulation of series fluid in the peritoneal cavity.
is pain in the gallbladder.
is a radiographic examination of the bile ducts with the use of contrast medium.
is an endoscopic procedure that allows direcct visualization of the upper GI tract which includes the esophagus, stomach, and upper duodenum.
is the surgical connection between two hollow or tubular structures.
is the surgical removal of the ileum.
is the surgical creation of an artificial excretory opening between the colon and the body.
is the surgical fixation of a prolapsed rectum to an adjacent tissue or organ.