Marbury v. Madison
Established judicial review
Tinker v. Des Moines
Upheld freedom of symbolic speech for students.
Brown v. Board of Education
Seperate but equal violates the 14th Ammendment
Miranda v. Arizona
The defendant must be informed to their rights to due process and to not incriminate themselves.
McCulloch v. Maryland
Congress has implied powers to create a national bank and the states cannot tax a federal institution.
Gibbons v. Ogden
The commerce clause gives congress the right to determine how interstate commerce is conducted.
Dred Scott v. Sandford
Slaves are not citizens, so living in a free state does not make them free.
Plessy v. Ferguson
Racial segreagation is legal as long as facilities are seperate but equal.
Korematsu v. United States
The need to protect the country is a greater priority than the individual rights of Japanese Americans.
Mapp v. Ohio
Evidence obtained during a search which violates the fourth ammendment cannot be used in court.
Gideon v. Wainwright
The state courts must provide attorneys to criminal defendents who cannot afford a private lawyer.
Roe v. Wade
State laws cannot prohibit abortion during the first trimester.
United States v. Nixon
Executive privelage is not limitless.
Regents of the U. of California v. Bakkes
Race is a permissable criteria for admissions, but strict quotas cannot be used.
New Jersey v. T.L.O.
Established more lenient standards for reasonable searches and seizures in schools.
Hazlewood v. Kuhlmeier
School newspapers do not qualify as public forums, so censorship by the school administration does not violate students' right to free speech.
Texas v. Johnson
Flag burning is symbolic speech and therefore protected by the first ammendment.